Kingdom Animalia  
 Phylum Chordata  
 Class Actinopterygii  
 Order Perciformes  
 Family Serranidae  
 Genus Epinephelus  
  Epinephelus quoyanus  (Valenciennes, 1830) 
Provider: Chen, Jeng-Ping 
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Synonyms:Cephalopholis megachirEpinephelus gilbertiEpinephelus quoyansPerca melanocelidotaSerranus alatusSerranus carinatusSerranus gilbertiSerranus megachirSerranus pardalisSerranus quoyanus  details
Citation: 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);The Live Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific, Vol.4(FAO,1999)
Character: Dorsal fin with XI spines and 16 to 18 rays, the fourth spine usually longest, its length contained 2.3 to 3.0 times in head length and shorter than the longest dorsal-fin ray; anal fin with III spines and 8 rays, the second and third spines subequal, their length contained 2.8 to 3.8 times in head length and less than or subequal to depth of peduncle; pectoral-fin rays 17 to 19; pectoral-fin length 26 to 35% of standard length, contained 1.2 to 1.7 times in head length: pelvic-fin length 1.6 to 2.1 times in head length; caudal-peduncle depth contained 3.1 to 3.6 times in head length; caudal fin rounded; length of middle caudal-fin rays contained 1.35 to 2.0 times in head length. Lateral-body scales ctenoid; auxiliary scales present; lateral-line scales 48 to 52; lateral-scale series 80 to 96. Pyloric caeca 21. 
Habitat: A sedentary little grouper, E. quoyanus is usually found on inshore silty reefs; we found no records from depths greater than 50 m. this species feeds on crustaceans, fishes, and worms, and it is the second most common inshore grouper of the Hong K 
Distribution: E. quoyanus is a western Pacific species which occurs from southern Japan to Australia, including Taiwan, China, Hong Kong, Philippines, Viet Nam, Thailand, Indonesia, New Guinea and associated islands, and north coast of Australia. 
Utility: E. quoyanus is of some economic importance in fisheries at Hong Kong and Taiwan (and probably at other places where it is common). In the Penghu Islands, Taiwan, it is the most common grouper species at the Makung market, and it is often sold alive. 
Name Code: 382554
  IUCN Red List:LC      Marine     
Suggested Link    The Fish Database of Taiwan  FishBase  Discover Life  World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) 
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