Kingdom Animalia  
 Phylum Chordata  
 Class Actinopterygii  
 Order Perciformes  
 Family Mullidae  
 Genus Parupeneus  
  Parupeneus barberinus  (Lacepède, 1801) 
Provider: Kwang-Tsao Shao 
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Synonyms:Mullus barberinusParupenaeus barberinusPseudopeneus barberinusPseudupeneus barberinus  details
Citation: 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);The Live Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific, Vol.5(FAO, 2001)
Character: Body moderately elongate, and moderately compressed. Chin with 2 slender barbels which usually reach posterior to rear margin of preopercle; snout long; dorsal profile of snout straight; mouth small, maxilla reaching only about 1/2 distance to front edge of eye; a single row of well-spaced, stout, conical teeth in jaws; no teeth on roof of mouth. First gill arch with 6 or 7 gill rakers on upper limb, 20 to 25 on lower limb (total 26 to 32). Two well-separated dorsal fins, the first with VIII spines, the second fin with 9 soft rays; first dorsal-fin spine very short; longest dorsal-fin spine 1.15 to 1.7 times in head length; last ray of second dorsal and anal fins equal to or a little longer than penultimate ray; anal fin with I spine and 6 soft rays; pectoral-fin rays 16 to 18 (usually 17). Lateral-line scales 27 or 28; 3 rows of scales between dorsal fins; 8 or 9 rows of scales along upper part of caudal peduncle. Body a black stripe from snout through lower part of eye and along back to below rear base of second dorsal fin; back above stripe light grey-brown to yellow, below whitish, the scale edges narrowly grey to reddish brown; a round black spot, larger than eye in adults, posteriorly on midside of caudal peduncle; diagonal pale blue lines alternating with brownish yellow extending dorsoposteriorly and ventroanteriorly from eye, with 1 or 2 parallel blue lines on cheek. Fish taken from deeper water are more red than those from the shallows; the dark stripe on body and spot on peduncle of the deep-dwelling fish may be red. 
Habitat: Inhabits large sand patches as well as sand and rubble areas of reef flats, and lagoon and seaward reefs to a depth of about 100 m. Forages on sand-dwelling invertebrates like polychaete worms and crustaceans.. Adults solitary or in small groups. Juvenile 
Distribution: Occurs throughout most of the Indo-Pacific from East Africa south to South Africa and eastward to the Line, Marquesan, and Tuamoto islands; north to southern Japan, south to Australia. Throughout Micronesia. It is a common species in Taiwan, especially in 
Utility: Marketed fresh. 
Name Code: 382167
  IUCN Red List:LC      Marine     
Suggested Link    The Fish Database of Taiwan  FishBase  Discover Life  World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) 
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