Kingdom Animalia  
 Phylum Chordata  
 Class Actinopterygii  
 Order Perciformes  
 Family Mullidae  
 Genus Parupeneus  
  Parupeneus ciliatus  (Lacepède, 1802) 
Provider: Kwang-Tsao Shao 
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Synonyms:Mullus pleurotaeniaParupeneus dispilurusParupeneus fraterculusParupeneus ischyrusParupeneus pleurotaeniaParupeneus porphyreusParupeneus rubescensPseudupeneus eutaeniatusPseudupeneus fraterculusPseudupeneus ischyrusPseudupeneus pleurotaenia details
Citation: 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);The Live Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific, Vol.5(FAO, 2001)
Character: Body slightly elongate, and moderately compressed. Chin with 2 slender barbels which do not reach rear margin of preopercle; snout short; dorsal profile of snout straight to slightly concave; mouth small, maxilla reaching a vertical through posterior nostril; a single row of well-spaced, stout, conical teeth in jaws; no teeth on roof of mouth. First gill arch with 6 to 8 gill rakers on upper limb, 24 to 27 (rarely 27) on lower limb (total 31 to 34). Two well-separated dorsal fins, the first with VIII spines, the second fin with 9 soft rays; first dorsal-fin spine very short; longest dorsal-fin spine 1.6 to 1.9 times in head length; last 2 rays of second dorsal and anal fins subequal; anal fin with I spine and 6 soft rays; pectoral-fin rays 15 (rarely 14). Lateral-line scales 27 or 28; 3 rows of scales between dorsal fins; 8 or 9 rows of scales along upper part of caudal peduncle. Body light red, the scale edges reddish brown to dark brown except ventrally; a slight intensification of dark pigment to form a blotch dorsally on caudal peduncle, preceded by a narrow pale blotch; 2 parallel whitish to pale red bands from side of snout through eye (1 across upper part, 1 along lower edge) along back to end beneath front of second dorsal fin; fins light red without markings except small pale spots on dorsal and anal fins of some individuals. 
Habitat: Occurs in seagrass beds and coralline areas of lagoon and seaward reefs. Feeds on benthic invertebrates, mostly crustaceans, at night. 
Distribution: Occurs throughout most of the Indo-Pacific from western Indian Ocean to the Line, Marquesan, and Tuamoto islands, north to southern Japan, south to Australia and Rapa; Mariana Islands in Micronesia. It is a common species in Taiwan, especially in southern 
Utility: Marketed fresh. 
Name Code: 382170
  IUCN Red List:LC      Marine     
Suggested Link    The Fish Database of Taiwan  FishBase  Discover Life  World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) 
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