Kingdom Animalia  
 Phylum Chordata  
 Class Actinopterygii  
 Order Perciformes  
 Family Mullidae  
 Genus Parupeneus  
  Parupeneus cyclostomus  (Lacepède, 1801) 
Provider: Kwang-Tsao Shao 
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Synonyms:Mullus chryserydrosMullus cyclostomusMullus micropsMullus radiatusParapeneus luteusParupenaeus cyclostomusParupeneus chryserydrosParupeneus luteusParupeneus lutuesParupeneus xanthospilurusPsedupeneus cyclostomus details
Citation: 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);The Live Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific, Vol.5(FAO, 2001)
Character: Body moderately elongate, and moderately compressed. Chin with 2 very long slender barbels, reaching to or slightly posterior to end of opercle. Snout long; dorsal profile of snout straight to slightly concave; mouth small, maxilla reaching little more than 1/2 distance to anterior edge of eye; a single row of well-spaced, stout, conical teeth in jaws; no teeth on roof of mouth. First gill arch with 6 or 7 gill rakers on upper limb, 22 to 26 on lower limb (total 29 to 33). Two well-separated dorsal fins, the first with VIII spines, the second fin with 9 soft rays; first dorsal-fin spine very short; longest dorsal-fin spine 1.45 to 1.75 times in head length; last ray of second dorsal and anal fins slightly longer than penultimate ray; anal fin with I spine and 6 soft rays; pectoral-fin rays 15 to 17 (usually 16). Lateral-line scales 27 or 28; 3 rows of scales between dorsal fins; 8 or 9 rows of scales along upper part of caudal peduncle. Body has 2 colour phases, the first yellowish grey with blue markings on the scales and a broad saddle-like yellow spot dorsally on caudal peduncle; irregular blue lines radiating from eye and below eye; second dorsal and anal fins with oblique blue lines; caudal fin with blue lines paralleling rays; other phase entirely yellow with a brighter yellow saddle-like spot dorsally on caudal peduncle. 
Habitat: Found on coral, rocky, or rubble bottoms of reef flats, lagoons, and seaward reefs. Juveniles form schools, adults usually solitary. Feeds primarily on small fishes, crustaceans, peanut worms, shrimps, crabs, octopi, and small gastropods during the day. 
Distribution: Widespread in the Indo-Pacific from the Red Sea south to Durban, South Africa (Ref. 5405) and east to the Hawaiian, Line, Marquesan, and Tuamoto islands; north to the Ryukyu Islands, south to New Caledonia and Rapa. Throughout Micronesia. It is a common s 
Utility: Marketed fresh. 
Name Code: 382171
  IUCN Red List:LC      Marine     
Suggested Link    The Fish Database of Taiwan  FishBase  Discover Life  World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) 
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