Kingdom Animalia  
 Phylum Chordata  
 Class Actinopterygii  
 Order Perciformes  
 Family Mullidae  
 Genus Parupeneus  
  Parupeneus multifasciatus  (Quoy & Gaimard, 1825) 
Provider: Kwang-Tsao Shao 
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Synonyms:Mullus multifasciatusParupeneus multifaciatusParupeneus sp. 2Parupeneus sp.2Pseudupeneus moanaUpeneus atrocingulatusUpeneus veliferUpeneus vilifex  details
Citation: 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);The Live Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific, Vol.5(FAO, 2001)
Character: Body moderately elongate, and moderately compressed. Chin with 2 moderately long slender barbels which reach posterior to rear edge of preopercle and exceptionally to posterior edge of opercle. Snout moderately long; dorsal profile of snout straight to slightly concave; mouth small, maxilla reaching little more than 1/2 distance to anterior edge of eye; a single row of well-spaced, stout, conical teeth in jaws; no teeth on roof of mouth. First gill arch with 7 to 9 gill rakers on upper limb, 29 to 32 on lower limb (total 36 to 41). Two well-separated dorsal fins, the first with VIII spines, the second fin with 9 soft rays; first dorsal-fin spine very short; longest dorsal-fin spine 1.45 to 1.85 times in head length; last ray of second dorsal and anal fins much longer than penultimate ray; anal fin with I spine and 6 soft rays; pectoral-fin rays 15 to 17 (usually 16). Lateral-line scales 27 or 28; 3 rows of scales between dorsal fins; 8 or 9 rows of scales along upper part of caudal peduncle. Body light grey to light brownish red with a broad blackish bar below second dorsal fin, an oblique elliptical black bar nearly crossing caudal peduncle, a narrow dusky bar below interdorsal space, a diffuse broad faint bar usually present below first dorsal fin, and another sometimes evident on nape; area on side between bars paler than rest of body; a dusky band from front of snout through eye, more darkly pigmented on postorbital head; basal half of second dorsal fin blackish, broadening posteriorly to distal part of fin; anal fin and outer half of second dorsal fin yellow with dark-edged blue lines; caudal fin with blue lines paralleling rays. 
Habitat: This occasionally schooling species occurs over sand patches as well as rubble, consolidated limestone, or coral bottoms from reef flats and shallow lagoons. Feeds primarily on small crabs and shrimps during the day, also demersal fish eggs, mollusks, and 
Distribution: Widely distributed in tropical and subtropical waters of Indo-Pacific from Christmas Island in the Indian Ocean to the Hawaiian, Line, Marquesan, and Tuamoto islands, north to southern Japan, south to Lord Howe and Rapa Islands; throughout Micronesia. It  
Utility: Marketed fresh. 
Name Code: 382175
  IUCN Red List:LC      Marine     
Suggested Link    The Fish Database of Taiwan  FishBase  Discover Life  World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) 
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