Kingdom Animalia  
 Phylum Chordata  
 Class Actinopterygii  
 Order Beryciformes  
 Family Holocentridae  
 Genus Sargocentron  
  Sargocentron spinosissimum  (Temminck & Schlegel, 1843) 
Provider: Chen, Jeng-Ping 
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Synonyms:Adioryx spinosissimusHolocentrum spinosissimumHolocentrus spinosissimusSargocentron spinossisimum  details
Citation: Nakamura (1943)。陳等(2010)。
Character: Dorsal fin with XI-VIIXVII spines and 12-13 soft rays; anal fin with IV spines and 8-9 soft rays. Body with 9 red stripes alternating with 9 narrower white stripes that pass along the middle of the longitudinal scale rows; head red with a white bar along the posterior margin of preopercle. Five oblique scale rows on cheek; body depth 2.45-2.75 in SL; head length (HL) 2.5-2.7 in SL; snout length 3.6-4.0 in HL; large eyes, orbit diameter 2.6-3.1; least interorbital width 4.5-5.1 in HL; maxilla extending from a vertical at front edge of the pupil to slightly beyond the center of the eye, upper jaw length 2.45-2.8 in HL; premaxillary groove usually not reaching a vertical at front edge of the orbit; rounded anterior end of nasal bone; moderately large nasal fossa, often spineless (1 specimen with 1 spinule on anterior edge on one side, another with 2 projecting outward); upper surface of nasal bone with 4-16 small retrorse spines between nasal fossa and edge of premaxillary groove; often 2 or 3 small retrorse spines posteriorly on medial edge of nasal bone (premaxillary groove margin); 2 long opercular spines, the lower about 3/4 length to nearly as long as the upper spine; preopercular spine, 4.45-6.6 in HL; ridge at upper edge of suborbital bones serrate, the serrae decreasing in size posteriorly; 3rd or 4th dorsal spine longest, 1.9-2.25 in HL; 3rd anal spine 1.35-1.6 in HL; rounded caudal fin lobes. 
Habitat: Inhabits rocky soil of deep waters. Inhabits in 20-50 meter deep ocean. Nocturnal behaviour, feed during the night. 
Distribution: Northwest Pacific: southern Japan to Taiwan; also reported from Hawaii. 
Utility: Commerical foods species. Edible. Palatable. 
Name Code: 380938
  IUCN Red List:LC      Marine     
Suggested Link    The Fish Database of Taiwan  FishBase  Discover Life  World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) 
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