Kingdom Animalia  
 Phylum Chordata  
 Class Actinopterygii  
 Order Cypriniformes  
 Family Cyprinidae  
 Genus Hypophthalmichthys  
  Hypophthalmichthys molitrix  (Valenciennes, 1844) 
Provider: Tseng, Chin-Tsian 
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Synonyms:Abramocephalus microlepisCephalus mantschuricusHypophthalmichthys dabryHypophthalmichthys dabryiHypophthalmichthys dybowskiiHypopthalmichthys molitrixHypothalmichthys molitrixHypothamicthys molitrixLeuciscus hypophthalmusLeuciscus molitrixOnychodon mantschuricus  details
Citation: 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);臺灣淡水及河口魚類誌(陳&方, 1999);福建魚類誌(朱等, 1985)
Character: Head large. Snout blunt, short. Eye small, on lower side of head, interorbital space broad. Mouth large, broad, oblique; lower jaw longer than upper. Body elongated, cylindrical, posterior laterally compressed, keel on belly from pectoral fin origin to anus; dorsal and ventral profile arched. Scales small, cycloid; lateral line complete. L.l.:109-112; dorsal fin rays:III, 7; pectoral fin rays:I, 16-17; pelvic fin rays:I, 7-9; anal fin rays:III, 11-13. Dorsal fin base short; pectoral fin end reaches pelvic fin origin; pelvic fin at lower side of body; caudal fin forked. Olive grayish dorsally, side and belly silvery white. Paired fins grayish, margin of caudal fin dark. 
Habitat: Primary freshwater fish, prefers still or slow running water, can be found impoundment and backwater of large rivers. Herbivorous, feeds mainly on phytoplankton. Grow up rapidly. 
Distribution: Wildly distributed to eastern Asia, including China and Siberia. Populations of Taiwan were introduced. 
Utility: Fisheries and aquaculture. Used to improve the water condition of reservoirs. 
Name Code: 381013
  IUCN Red List:NT      Invasive     
Suggested Link    The Fish Database of Taiwan  FishBase  Discover Life  World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS)  Global Invasive Species Database (GISD) 
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