Kingdom Animalia  
 Phylum Chordata  
 Class Actinopterygii  
 Order Cypriniformes  
 Family Cyprinidae  
 Genus Squalidus  
  Squalidus iijimae  (Oshima, 1919) 
Provider: Tseng, Chin-Tsian 
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Citation: 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);臺灣淡水及河口魚類誌(陳&方, 1999);臺灣淡水魚類-壹 鯉形目(陳&張, 2005)
Character: Head moderately large. Snout triangular. Eye large, on upper side of head. Mouth oblique, upper jaw longer than lower, posterior end of upper jaw reaches anterior margin of eye; lips thin; one pair of mandibular barbels at corner of mouth. Body elongated, compressed, belly rounded, shaped like a spindle; caudal peduncle thin and long. Scales moderately large, cycloid; lateral line complete. L.l.:33-35; dorsal fin rays:3+7; pectoral branched rays:16; pelvic branched rays:7; anal fin rays:2+6. Pelvic fin origin at midline between snout tip and caudal peduncle end; pectoral fin end distant from pelvic fin origin; pectoral and pelvic fins at lower side of body; caudal fin forked. Olive dorsally, side and belly silvery white. Irregular spots along back and on dorsal and caudal fins; a golden stripe on midline of side near a dark stripe composed of spots. 
Habitat: Primary freshwater fish, prefers still water at lower and middle reaches, can be found in ponds, canals, and backwaters. Polyphagia, feeds on diatom and aquatic insects. 
Distribution: Endemic to Taiwan, can be found only in middle reach of Tatu River. 
Utility: Small in size, poorly noticed. Potential ornamental species. 
Name Code: 381028
    Taiwan Wildlife Conservation Act- Critically Endangered       Chen,2012:CR Chen,2012:CR    Endemic     
Suggested Link    The Fish Database of Taiwan  FishBase  Discover Life 
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