Kingdom Animalia  
 Phylum Chordata  
 Class Actinopterygii  
 Order Perciformes  
 Family Pentacerotidae  
 Genus Pentaceros  
  Pentaceros japonicus  Steindachner, 1883 
Provider: Kwang-Tsao Shao 
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Citation: 吳(2002)碩士論文
Character: Body moderately elongate, and compressed. Head mostly naked, the bones exposed and rugose. Mouth small; maxillary not reaching to below anterior margin of eye. Both jaws and prevomer with villiform teeth. Palatine toothless. Gill rakers short, first gill arch with 6 to 8 rakers on upper limb, 15 to 17 on lower limb. Dorsal fin moderately high; dorsal-fin spines XI, and dorsal-fin rays 13 to 15; anal fin with IV-V spines and 8 to 10 soft rays; caudal fin slightly emarginate; pectoral-fin rays 16 to 18. Scales small to moderate, ctenoid; lateral-line pores 46 to 56. Body greyish-brown, paler on ventral side. Juveniles have irregular dark markings on body. 
Habitat: Usually found inshore on reefs or on rough bottom of the outer continental shelf and upper slope at depths of 100 to 400 m. 
Distribution: Known only in the Western Pacific from southern Japan to Australia and New Zealand. It is found only in the northeastern Taiwanese waters. 
Utility: No commercial value. 
Name Code: 382230
  IUCN Red List:LC      Marine     
Suggested Link    The Fish Database of Taiwan  FishBase  Discover Life  World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) 
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