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Kingdom Animalia  
 Phylum Chordata  
 Class Chondrichthyes  
 Order Myliobatiformes  
 Family Myliobatidae  
 Genus Aetobatus  
  Aetobatus narinari  (Euphrasen, 1790) 
Provider: Pofeng Lee& Shoou-Jeng Joung 
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Synonyms:Aetobates narinariAetobatis laticepsAetobatis latirostrisAetobatis narinariAetobatus laticepsMyliobatis eeltenkeeMyliobatis macropteraMyliobatis punctatusRaia quinqueaculeataRaja narinariStoasodon narinari  details
臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993)
Ebert, D. A., W. T. White, H.-C. Ho, P. R. Last, K. Nakaya, B. Séret, N. Straube, G. J. P. Naylor and M. R. C. de Carvalho (2013) An annotated checklist of the chondrichthyans of Taiwan. Zootaxa 3752 (no. 1): 279-386.
Character: Disc much broader than long; anterior margins convex, posterior concave. Head thick, prominent, narrowing downward and forward on ths sides. Snout narrower, produced. Rostral fins distinct from the pectorals. Nostrils confluent with mouth, free hind margin fringed and deeply emarginated at middle. Eyes small, prominent, lateral,almost in front of mouth angle. Spiralces large, lateral, behind eye, partly visible from above. Teeth uniserial, broad and short, lower pavement projecting slightly. Each tooth is curved or angled forward more or less in the middle. Gill openings subequal, equidistant. One dorsal fin, small, rounded above, with a short free margin and an angle behind the base, origin above the ends of the bases of the ventrals. Ventrals rather narrow and obtuse or convex terminally, nearly half extended behind the ends of the pectorals. Pectorals slightly falciform, not continuous forward th the snout Tail long, slender, bearing a dorsal fin and a serrated spine above the basal portion, Specimen in formalin grayish olive, with gray-white spots on the back. Whitish below. 
Habitat: Commonly found in shallow inshore waters such as bays and coral reefs but may cross oceanic basins. Sometimes enters estuaries. Swims close to the surface, occasionally leaping out of the water, or close to the bottom. Frequently forming large schools dur 
Distribution: Red Sea Arabia, Natal, Madagascar, Seychelles, India, Ceylon, Malay Peninsula, Pinang, Singapore, East Indies, Philippines, Cochin China, China, Queensland, New South Wales, Melanesia, Micronesia, Polynesia, Hawaiian group. Taiwan. 
Name Code: 383160
  IUCN Red List:NT      Marine     
Suggested Link    The Fish Database of Taiwan  FishBase  Discover Life  World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) 
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