Kingdom Animalia  
 Phylum Chordata  
 Class Actinopterygii  
 Order Aulopiformes  
 Family Synodontidae  
 Genus Saurida  
  Saurida undosquamis  (Richardson, 1848) 
Provider: Kwang-Tsao Shao 
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Synonyms:Saurida argyrophanesSaurida grandisquamisSaurida undosquamiaSaurus undosquamis  details
Citation: 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);中國動物誌-燈籠魚目(陳等, 2002);The Live Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific, Vol.3(FAO,1999)
Character: Body elongate, slender, and cylindrical. Eye moderate. Adipose eyelid on anterior and posterior margins of eye. Mouth large, gape tending obliquely. Upper jaw not protractile, bordered its entire length by premaxilla, its length more than 1/2 head length and extending well past posterior margin of orbit. 2 teeth bands on palatines, and teeth on vomer and tongue. Branchiostegals 13. Head and body with cycloid scales; Lateral-line scales with 48 to 54; scales not enlarged, not extending beyond base of caudal fin, procurrent and primary caudal-fin rays with scales. Predorsal scales 18 to 20. Dorsal fin about midway on back, with 10-12 rays, rays not particularly elongate; anal fin with 11-12; pectoral fins short, reaching to base of pelvic fins; caudal fin forked, upper and lower lobes of caudal fin about equal in length. Body pale yellowish brown, inside of pectoral fins uniformly dusky; upper edge of caudal fin with about 8 black spots or bars; lower edge of caudal fin whitish or translucent. 
Habitat: Found on the sublittoral zone above 100 m over sand or mud bottoms of coastal waters. Feeds on fishes (anchovy and red mullet Mullus surmuletus), crustaceans, and other invertebrates. Spawns from April to May off Japan. 
Distribution: Widespread in the Indo-West Pacific from Red Sea, Persian Gulf and East Africa to Japan, the Arafura Sea and the Great Barrier Reef. It is common in waters around Taiwan. 
Utility: Generally marketed frozen, sometimes fresh and as fish cakes ('kamaboko') in Japan. 
Name Code: 380845
  IUCN Red List:LC      Marine     
Suggested Link    The Fish Database of Taiwan  FishBase  Discover Life  World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) 
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