Kingdom Animalia  
 Phylum Chordata  
 Class Actinopterygii  
 Order Aulopiformes  
 Family Synodontidae  
 Genus Synodus  
  Synodus variegatus  (Lacepède, 1803) 
Provider: Kwang-Tsao Shao 
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Synonyms:Salmo variegatusSalmo variusSaurida rubrotaeniataSaurus cynodusSaurus englemaniSaurus synodusSaurus variegatusSynodus amaranthusSynodus engelmaniSynodus englamaniSynodus englemani details
Citation: 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);Fishbase(2004);The Live Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific, Vol.3(FAO,1999);Fishes of Japan(Nakabo, 2002)
Character: Body subcylindrical, slihgtly depressed on head. Snout tip rounded. Anteriormost palatine teeth longer than more posterior teeth and in a discrete group. Membranous flap on anterior nostrils long and slender. Head and body with cycloid scales; cheek usually not scaled to preopercular margin; Scales above lateral line 5.5; (rarely 6.5); lateral-line scales with 60-63. Dorsal fin about midway on back, with 11-13(usually 13); anal fin with 8-11; pectoral fins not reaching a line connecting origins of dorsal and pelvic fins; caudal fin forked. Adults variable from grey to red. On some individuals, the hourglass- or saddle-shaped markings along its side may be obliterated by an almost solid dark red band. Large individuals are often thick-bodied, giving a hump-backed appearance. 
Habitat: Inhabits deep lagoon and seaward reefs to depths over 40 m; sometimes found on sandy bottoms concealing itself in the sand. Prefers to rest on hard surfaces and frequently occurs in pairs. Feeds on small fishes by seizing these from passing schools. 
Distribution: Widespread in the Indo-West Pacific from Red Sea and East Africa to the Hawaiian, Line, Marquesan, and Ducie islands, north to the Ryukyu Islands, south to the Lord Howe, Kermadec and Rapa islands; throughout Micronesia. It found in southwestern, southern 
Utility: Food fish; marketed fresh. 
Name Code: 380856
  IUCN Red List:LC      Marine     
Suggested Link    The Fish Database of Taiwan  FishBase  Discover Life  World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS)  Taiwan Biodiversity Network (TBN) 
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