Kingdom Animalia  
 Phylum Chordata  
 Class Actinopterygii  
 Order Beryciformes  
 Family Holocentridae  
 Genus Sargocentron  
  Sargocentron rubrum  (Forsskål, 1775) 
Provider: Chen, Jeng-Ping 
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Synonyms:Adioryx ittodaiAdioryx ruberHolocenthrus aureoruberHolocentrum dimidicaudaHolocentrum orientaleHolocentrum rubrumHolocentrus alboruberHolocentrus ruberHolocentrus rubrumPerca rubraSargocentron ruber details
Citation:
臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993)
Fishes of Japan(Nakabo, 2002)
Fishbase(2008)
Randall, J.E, 1998. Revision of the Indo-Pacific squirrelfishes (Beryciformes: Holocentridae: Holocentrinae) of the genus Sargocentron, with descriptions of four new species.. Indo-Pacific Fishe
Character: Dorsal fin with XI spines and 12-14 soft rays; anal fin with IV spines and 8-10 soft rays. Body with subequal stripes of brownish red and silvery white; spinous dorsal dark red with a large, quadrangular, whitish blotch in middle of each membrane (except the first) forming a median band; dorsal membrane tips white, except posteriorly. Five oblique scale rows on cheek; body depth 2.5-2.8 in SL; head length (HL) 2.65-2.85 in SL; short and blunt snout, its length 4.25-4.7 in HL; interorbital width 4.5 in HL; mouth terminal to slightly inferior, maxilla usually extending nearly to or a short distance beyond a vertical through center of eye, upper jaw length 2.5-2.75 in HL; premaxillary groove often ending above anterior edge of orbit; anterior end of nasal bone with a blunt spine; surface or medial edge of nasal bone spineless; nasal fossa usually without spinules on its edge; upper edge of 1st suborbital bone with a slightly retrorse lateral spine a short distance posterior to a vertical at front edge of eye, followed by a ridge of recumbent spinules; preopercular spine usually about 2/3 orbit diameter, 3.2-5.3 in HL; 3rd-5th dorsal spines subequal, longest in adults 1.9-2.3 in HL; 3rd anal spine 1.35-1.6 in HL. 
Habitat: Inhabits coastal reefs; silty reefs or wrecks in lagoons, bays, or harbors, may occur in aggregations; also found hidden in caves and cracks of rocks during the day. Usually in areas subject to strong currents. Feeds mainly on benthic crabs and shrimps, a 
Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Red Sea to the western Pacific where it ranges from southern Japan to New Caledonia and New South Wales, Australia. Not yet recorded from the east coast of Africa or any oceanic island in the western Indian Ocean. Invaded eastern Medite 
Utility: No commercial species, edible. 
Name Code: 380936
  IUCN Red List:LC      Marine     
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