Kingdom Animalia  
 Phylum Chordata  
 Class Actinopterygii  
 Order Clupeiformes  
 Family Clupeidae  
 Genus Sardinella  
  Sardinella melanura  (Cuvier, 1829) 
Provider: Kwang-Tsao Shao 
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Synonyms:Clupalosa bulanClupea commersoniiClupea hypelosomaClupea melanuraClupea otaitensisClupea perforataClupea perforateClupeonia commersoniClupeonia commersoniiClupeonia vittataHarengula dollfusi details
Citation: 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);中國動物誌-鱘形目;海鰱目;鯡形目及鼠鱚目(張, 2001)
Character: Body fusiform, somewhat compressed, depth usually not much more than 30% of standard length; abdomen with sharply-keeled prepelvic and postpelvic scutes ; total number of scutes 27 to 31. Lower gill rakers on first gill arch 38 to 74. Pelvic fins with i unbranched and 7 branched soft rays. Vertical striae on scales discontinuous, with a wide gap at centre, without any perforations on posterior part of scale. Body dorsum blue-green, flanks silvery; no dark spot at dorsal-fin origin; tips of caudal fin jet black. 
Habitat: Forms schools in coastal waters. Feeds on small planktonic organisms. 
Distribution: Indo-West Pacific from Gulf of Aden south to Madagascar and Mauritius, apparently not south of Bombay nor in northern Bay of Bengal, Indonesia, northward to Taiwan and eastward to Samoa. It is common in waters around Taiwan. 
Utility: Marketed fresh, dried, dried-salted, as bait, or made into fish meals. Regarded a robust and very good bait in the tuna fishery. 
Name Code: 380968
   Marine     
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