Kingdom Animalia  
 Phylum Chordata  
 Class Actinopterygii  
 Order Clupeiformes  
 Family Engraulidae  
 Genus Encrasicholina  
  Encrasicholina heteroloba  (Rüppell, 1837) 
Provider: Kwang-Tsao Shao 
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Synonyms:Anchoviella heterolobaEncrasicholina heterolobusEncrasicholus heterolobaEncrasicolina heterolobaEncrasicolus heterolobaEngraulis heterolobaStolephorus heterolobusStolephorus pseudoheterolobus  details
Citation: 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);中國動物誌-鱘形目;海鰱目;鯡形目及鼠鱚目(張, 2001)
Character: Body rather cylindrical, belly rounded, with 4 to 6 (usually 5) sharp needle-like pre-pelvic scutes. Maxilla tip pointed, projecting beyond second supra-maxilla and reaching to sub-operculum. Isthmus short, preceded by a small bony plate on urohyal between branchial membranes. Lower gillrakers on first gill arch on first gill arch 22 to 30 (usually 23 to 27). Unbranched dorsal and anal finrays only ii; anal fin short, with usually ii unbranched and 14 to 16 branched fin rays, its origin slightly posterior to vertical through base of posteriormost dorsal-fin ray. Scales moderate, about 39 to 43 in lateral series. In life, a distinct blue upper edge to its lateral stripe and a dull silver or grey band on flank, the back beige. 
Habitat: A marine, pelagic, and schooling species found inshore, but also inhabits deep bays under oceanic influence. Rarely enter mangrove waters. Like other species, probably feed mainly on planktonic crustaceans. Short-lived species, less than 1 year. Eggs are  
Distribution: Very widespread in tropical and subtropical waters of Indo-Pacific, from Red Sea, East African coast to at least northern Madagascar, eastward to Bay of Bengal; southern Japan southward to northern coasts of Australia; eastward to Solomon Islands, New Cal 
Utility: Marketed fresh, dried, dried-salted or made into fish meal, fish sauce, or fish balls; also used as bait. 
Name Code: 380974
  IUCN Red List:LC      Marine     
Suggested Link    The Fish Database of Taiwan  FishBase  Discover Life  World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) 
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