Kingdom Animalia  
 Phylum Chordata  
 Class Actinopterygii  
 Order Clupeiformes  
 Family Engraulidae  
 Genus Encrasicholina  
  Encrasicholina punctifer  Fowler, 1938 
Provider: Kwang-Tsao Shao 
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Synonyms:Anchoviella zollingeriStolephorus buccaneeriStolephorus buccaneriStolephorus punctiferStolephorus zolengeriStolephorus zollingeri  details
Citation: 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);中國動物誌-鱘形目;海鰱目;鯡形目及鼠鱚目(張, 2001)
Character: Body nearly cylindrical, abdomen rounded, with 3 to 6 (usually 4 or 5, rarely 2 or 7) sharp needle-like pre-pelvic scutes. Maxilla tip blunt, scarcely projecting beyond second supra-maxilla, not reaching to front border of pre-operculum. Isthmus short, preceded by small fleshy plate on urohyal between branchial membranes. Lower gill rakers on first gill arch usually 23 to 26. Unbranched dorsal and anal-fin rays iii; anal fin short, with usually 13 or 14 branched fin rays, its origin posterior to vertical through base of posteriormost dorsal-fin ray. Scales moderate, about 39 to 43 in lateral series. Body pale cream (when scales lost), with a bright silver lateral stripe along flanks. 
Habitat: A schooling species found inshore and in oceanic waters, hundreds of miles from land. Sometimes entering large atoll lagoons or deep, clear bays. 
Distribution: Very widespread in tropical and subtropical waters of Indo-Pacific, from Red Sea and Persian Gulf south to perhaps Durban in South Africa, Pakistan, India, Sri Lanka, and probably Burma. Also from southern Japan to China, Philippines, Thailand, Indonesia  
Utility: Marketed fresh, dried, dried-salted, or made into fish meal, fish sauce, or fish balls. 
Name Code: 380975
  IUCN Red List:LC      Marine     
Suggested Link    The Fish Database of Taiwan  FishBase  Discover Life  World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS)  Taiwan Biodiversity Network (TBN) 
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