Kingdom Animalia  
 Phylum Chordata  
 Class Actinopterygii  
 Order Clupeiformes  
 Family Engraulidae  
 Genus Engraulis  
  Engraulis japonicus  Temminck & Schlegel, 1846 
Provider: Kwang-Tsao Shao 
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Synonyms:Anchoa guineensisAnchoviella guineensisAtherina japonicaClupea encrasicolusEngraulis amaraEngraulis argyrophanusEngraulis capensisEngraulis encrasicholusEngraulis encrasicholus ponticusEngraulis encrasicolusEngraulis encrasicolus russoi details
Citation: 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);中國動物誌-鱘形目;海鰱目;鯡形目及鼠鱚目(張, 2001)
Character: Body slender, elongate, oval in cross-section and little compressed, depth about 6 times in standard length. No pre- or postpelvic scutes; pelvic scute with ascending arms present. maxilla short, tip blunt, reaching posteriorly almost to anterior border of preopercle; not projecting beyond tip of second supramaxilla; anterior tip of lower jaw only reaching to vertical through nostril. Lower gill rakers on first gill arch 26 to 30. Dorsal-fin origin just posterior to midpoint of body. Anal fin short, with iii unbranched and 14 to 16 branched fin rays, its origin well posterior to vertical through base of posteriormost dorsal-fin ray. Body brownish or greenish above, silvery white below with a broad silver stripe along flank, becoming paler with age; all fins hyaline; caudal fin pale yellow. 
Habitat: Occurs in large schools near the surface, mainly in coastal waters but as far out as over 1,000 km from the shore. Tends to move more northward and inshore in spring and summer. Juveniles associate with drifting seaweed. Feeds on copepods, but also on oth 
Distribution: Distributed in Western Pacific Ocean, from southern Sakhalin Islands, Sea of Japan and Pacific coasts of Japan, and south to almost to Taiwan. It is very common in all Taiwanese waters, expecially in northern part. 
Utility: Marketed fresh and salted, processed into fishmeal and oil 
Name Code: 380976
  IUCN Red List:LC      Marine     
Suggested Link    The Fish Database of Taiwan  FishBase  Discover Life  World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS)  Taiwan Biodiversity Network (TBN) 
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