Kingdom Animalia  
 Phylum Chordata  
 Class Actinopterygii  
 Order Clupeiformes  
 Family Engraulidae  
 Genus Stolephorus  
  Stolephorus indicus  (van Hasselt, 1823) 
Provider: Kwang-Tsao Shao 
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Synonyms:Anchoviella indicusAnchoviella scitulaEngraulis albusEngraulis balinensisEngraulis browniiEngraulis carpenteriaeEngraulis indicaEngraulis indicusEngraulis russelliiEngraulis samaminanStolephorus extensus details
Citation: 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);中國動物誌-鱘形目;海鰱目;鯡形目及鼠鱚目(張, 2001)
Character: Body slender, elongate, nearly round in cross-section; abdomen rounded, belly with 2 to 6 small needle-like pre-pelvic scutes. Maxilla tip pointed, reaching to or only just beyond front border of pre-operculum; hind border of pre-operculum convex, rounded. Isthmus muscle tapering evenly forward to hind border of branchial membrane. Lower gill rakers on first gill arch 20 to 28. Anal fin short, with usually iii unbranched and 16 to 18 branched fin rays, its origin at vertical through middle of dorsal-fin base. Pelvic-fin tips not reaching posteriorly to vertical through dorsal-fin origin. Scales moderate, about 38 to 42 in lateral series. Body light transparent fleshy brown, with silver stripe down flank; no dark pigment lines on back between head and dorsal fin. 
Habitat: A schooling species occurring in coastal waters and which appears to enter at least the estuarine parts of rivers and to tolerate brackish water. Feeds most likely on zooplankton, but more data needed. In Manila Bay, the Philippines, it migrates out into  
Distribution: Widely distributed in tropical and subtropical waters of Indo-Pacific, from Red Sea and South Africa, including the Persian Gulf, Madagascar and Mauritius eastward to Hong Kong, the Arafura Sea, northern and eastern coasts of Australia and further east to 
Utility: Marketed fresh, dried, dried-salted or made into fish meal, fish sauce, or fish balls. 
Name Code: 380979
  IUCN Red List:LC      Marine     
Suggested Link    The Fish Database of Taiwan  FishBase  Discover Life  World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) 
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