Kingdom Animalia  
 Phylum Chordata  
 Class Actinopterygii  
 Order Clupeiformes  
 Family Engraulidae  
 Genus Thryssa  
  Thryssa hamiltonii  Gray, 1835 
Provider: Kwang-Tsao Shao 
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Synonyms:Engraulis grayiEngraulis nasutaScutengraulis hamiltoniScutengraulis hamiltoniiStolephorus hamiltoniiThrissa hamiltoniiThrissocles grayiThrissocles hamiltoniiThryssa hamiltoniThryssa mystax  details
Citation: 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);中國動物誌-鱘形目;海鰱目;鯡形目及鼠鱚目(張, 2001)
Character: Body compressed, abdomen with 16 to 19 (rarely 15 or 20) prepelvic and 10 or 11 (rarely 9 or 12) postpelvic scutes; total number of scutes 26 to 31 (mostly 27 to 29). Tip of snout above level of eye center, usually about level of upper rim of eye. Maxilla short or moderate; first supra-maxilla small, oval. Teeth small or minute, not canine-like. Lower gill rakers on first gill arch 12 to 14 (less often 11 or 15). Head with gold tints, especially on maxilla and opercle; body silvery white, olive-grey above, with A dark blotch behind upper part of gill opening; dorsal fin dusky yellow; anal fin white; pectoral and pelvic fins pale yellow; caudal fin yellow, its upper and lower borders charcoal. 
Habitat: Presumably schooling, inshore and entering estuaries. Principle prey items may be prawns and copepods, supplemented by polychaetes and amphipods. 
Distribution: Distributed in tropical and subtropical coastal waters of Indo-Pacific from Persian Gulf eastward to Myanmar, Andamans and Pinang; Taiwan south to Arafura Sea. It is common from the northwestern to southern parts Taiwan. 
Utility: Marketed fresh, dried, dried-salted, or made into fish meal, fish sauce, or fish balls. 
Name Code: 380983
  IUCN Red List:LC      Marine     
Suggested Link    The Fish Database of Taiwan  FishBase  Discover Life  World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) 
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