Kingdom Animalia  
 Phylum Chordata  
 Class Actinopterygii  
 Order Cypriniformes  
 Family Cyprinidae  
 Genus Carassius  
  Carassius cuvieri  Temminck & Schlegel, 1846 
Provider: Tseng, Chin-Tsian 
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Synonyms:Carassius auratus caviersCarassius auratus cuvieriCarassius carassius cuvieri  details
Citation: 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);臺灣淡水及河口魚類誌(陳&方, 1999)
Character: Head large, broadly triangular. Snout short, blunt. Eye moderately large, interorbital space broad. Mouth arched, slightly oblique; lips thick. Body compressed, belly rounded, body depth high; dorsal profile conspicuously arched; caudal peduncle thick and short. Barbels absent. Scales cycloid, large; lateral line complete; head naked. L.l.:29-33; dorsal fin rays:IV, 15-18; pelvic fin rays:1+8; anal fin rays:III, 4-5; last simple dorsal and anal ray serrated posteriorly. Dorsal fin base long. Dorsal fin origin above pelvic fin origin; pectoral fin end reaches pelvic fin origin; pectoral and pelvic fins at lower side of body; caudal fin forked. 
Habitat: Primary freshwater fish, prefers slow running water at lower and middle reaches, can be found in lakes, ponds, canals, and backwaters of rivers. Polyphagia, feed on a wild range of food, including plants, diatom, crustacean and aquatic insects. Grow up ra 
Distribution: Endemic to Japan. Populations of Taiwan were introduced. 
Utility: Used as common food. 
Name Code: 381002
  IUCN Red List:EN A2c; B1ab(iii,v)     Invasive     
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