Kingdom Animalia  
 Phylum Chordata  
 Class Actinopterygii  
 Order Gasterosteiformes  
 Family Macroramphosidae  
 Genus Macroramphosus  
  Macroramphosus scolopax  (Linnaeus, 1758) 
Provider: Kwang-Tsao Shao 
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Synonyms:Balistes scolopaxCentriscus gracilisCentriscus scolopaxCentriscus squamosusCentriscus velitarisMacroramphosus gracilisMacroramphosus velitarisMacrorhamphosus elevatusMacrorhamphosus scolopaxSilurus cornutusSolenostomus scolopax  details
Citation: 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);Fishes of Japan(Nakabo, 2002);Fishbase(2005)
Character: Body compressed, deep, widest point at or posterior to midbody at origin of first dorsal fin, narrowing at caudal peduncle. Head elongate; snout long, tubular; mouth small, toothless, located at tip of snout; eyes lateral, large. First dorsal fin originating at or behind midbody; second spine greatly enlarged, posterior edge serrated, other spines stout but short; pelvic fins small, originating at or behind midbody. Lateral line absent. Body covered with small but distinct scales, 2 series of bony plates embedded in the skin on the back between head and dorsal fin, each series consisting of 3 well-developed plates and a fourth much smaller plate. Body orange, pink, or red on back; paler and silvery on sides. 
Habitat: Found between the seabed and midwater on the lower continental shelf, over sand. Juveniles found in oceanic surface waters; adults normally live close to the bottom (normally in 50-350 m depth). Gregarious. Juveniles feed mainly on pelagic invertebrates,  
Distribution: Ranges across tropical and temperate Atlantic, Pacific, and Indian oceans, probably worldwide. It is found in southwestern and northeastern Taiwanese waters. 
Utility: No commercial value.  
Name Code: 381096
  IUCN Red List:LC      Marine     
Suggested Link    The Fish Database of Taiwan  FishBase  Discover Life  World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS)  Taiwan Biodiversity Network (TBN) 
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