Kingdom Animalia  
 Phylum Chordata  
 Class Actinopterygii  
 Order Gasterosteiformes  
 Family Solenostomidae  
 Genus Solenostomus  
  Solenostomus cyanopterus  Bleeker, 1854 
Provider: Kwang-Tsao Shao 
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Synonyms:Solenichthys paegniusSolenichthys racekiSolenostoma cyanopterusSolenostomatichthys bleekeriSolenostomus bleekeriSolenostomus bleekeriiSolenostomus paeginusSolenostomus paegnius  details
Citation: 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);Fishes of Japan(Nakabo, 2002);Fishbase(2004);The Live Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific, Vol.4(FAO,1999)
Character: Body elongate, laterally compressed, depth greatest between origin of spinous dorsal and pelvic fins, strongly constricted between pelvic-fin insertion and origin of soft dorsal and anal fins. Head elongate; snout elongate, tubular, with nasal lamellae. Mouth small, vertically oriented, toothless, with single mandibular barbel. Two dorsal fins, the first with V weak spines and the second with 17 to 22 unbranched soft rays; spinous and soft dorsal fins widely separated, each on a raised base; anal fin rounded, situated opposite soft dorsal fin and on a raised base, composed of 17 to 22 unbranched soft rays; caudal fin truncate, rounded, or lanceolate; pectoral fins small, rounded; pelvic fins large, situated opposite spinous dorsal fin, sexually dimorphic, forming a brood pouch in females. Lateral line absent. Body covered with stellate plates that bear spines, variously with cutaneous papillae. Caudal peduncle short or lost in large females. Color variable, from brown to pink or yellow with small black and white spots; 2 elongate black spots between first 3 dorsal spines. 
Habitat: Mostly pelagic until it settles on the substrate for breeding. Uncommon species found in coastal reefs and weedy areas. Always in pairs. Feeds on small crustaceans. 
Distribution: Distributed from Red Sea and East Africa to Fiji, north to southern Japan, south to Australia. It is found in southern and nothern Taiwanese waters and Siao Liouciou, southwestern Taiwan. 
Utility: No commercial value.  
Name Code: 381100
  IUCN Red List:LC      Marine     
Suggested Link    The Fish Database of Taiwan  FishBase  Discover Life  World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) 
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