Kingdom Animalia  
 Phylum Chordata  
 Class Actinopterygii  
 Order Gasterosteiformes  
 Family Syngnathidae  
 Genus Hippocampus  
  Hippocampus histrix  Kaup, 1856 
Provider: P. L. Lin 
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Synonyms:Hippocamphus hystrixHippocampus guttulatusHippocampus hystrixHippocampus jugumusHippocampus ramulosus  details
Citation: 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);Fishes of Japan(Nakabo, 2002);Fishbase(2005);The Live Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific, Vol.4(FAO,1999)
Character: Rings: 11 + 35 (34-37). Snout length: 1.7-2.0 in head length. Dorsal fin rays: 17 (15-18) covering 2+1 rings. Pectoral fin rays: 18 (17-20). Coronet: medium, with four or five very long, very sharp spines. Spines: extremely long and sharp; all spines well-developed. Other distinctive characters: very long snout (more than 1/2 head length); single cheek spine; dorsal fin base very short; always has at least as many pectoral as dorsal fin rays (whereas most species have more dorsal fin rays); sharp ventral keel; prominent spine in front of coronet. Color pattern: base color variable, including pale pink, yellow or green; spines often dark tipped; may have pale "saddles", often filled with small dark spots, across dorsolateral surfaces; snout not striped. 
Habitat: A rare inhabitant of shallow sheltered reefs, found among clumps of algae or in seagrass beds. Large adults are pelagic and probably associated with drifting debris. Associated with sponges and sea-squirts. 
Distribution: Distributed in the Indo-Pacific from Tanzania and South Africa to Hawaii and Tahiti, north to Japan, south to New Caledonia. Reported from the Arafura Sea. It is found in southern Taiwanese waters. 
Utility: Use in traditional Chinese medicine is increasing with the rise in patent medicines. Not common in the aquarium trade. International trade is monitored through a licensing system (CITES II, since 5.15.04). 
Name Code: 381117
      IUCN Red List:VU A2cd+4cd     Marine     
Suggested Link    The Fish Database of Taiwan  FishBase  Discover Life  World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) 
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