Kingdom Animalia  
 Phylum Chordata  
 Class Actinopterygii  
 Order Lophiiformes  
 Family Gigantactinidae  
 Genus Gigantactis  
  Gigantactis elsmani  Bertelsen, Pietsch & Lavenberg, 1981 
Provider: Hsuan-Ching Ho 
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Citation: 何宣慶(2002)碩士論文;Fishbase(2003);Fish of Japan(Nakabo, 2002)
Character: Body elongated and compressed; skin spinulose, darkly pigmented; eye small; illicium length in 93-105%SL; escal bulb with a pair of elongated lateral appendages on the bsae, 1-2 pair of long appendages and many short filaments on the tip, without prolongation and papillae; premaxilla with 1-2 series small teeth, the longest in 1.2%SL; lower jaws with 5 series strong teeth, the longest in 2.8%SL; caudal fin short, unbranched, the longest ray 21-27%SL; the proximal 1/3 to 1/2 of the caudal fin ray covered with undivided skin with numerous spinules, the fin rays are separated nearly to the bases. D 5; A 5; P 16-17; C 8. Longest caudal fin rays (2nd and 7 th) 21-23 in % SL. 
Habitat: Marine. First dorsal spine of female highly modified into a long rod with a light organ in the tip call illicium and esca, the esca containing bacteria as luminous symbiont, its function in attracting prey. Oviparous. Adults are meso- and bathypelagic. Ma 
Distribution: Rarely distributed in Southeast Atlantic and West Pacific Ocaen. It is rare in Taiwan occurring from northeastern off Yilan. 
Utility: No commercial value. 
Name Code: 381153
  IUCN Red List:LC      Marine     
Suggested Link    The Fish Database of Taiwan  FishBase 
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