Kingdom Animalia  
 Phylum Chordata  
 Class Actinopterygii  
 Order Lophiiformes  
 Family Lophiidae  
 Genus Lophius  
  Lophius litulon  (Jordan, 1902) 
Provider: Hsuan-Ching Ho 
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Synonyms:Lophiomus litulon  details
Citation: Masuda, H., K. Amaoka, C. Araga, T. Uyeno and T. Yoshino, 1984. The fishes of the Japanese Archipelago. Vol. 1. Tokai University Press, Tokyo, Japan. 437 p. (text).
Character: Body disk rounded; head broad and depressed; skin smoothly and scaleless, with numerous tasseled, fleshy appendages; lateral ridge of frontal bone with two series of low conical spine; pseudobranch present; interorbit broad and slightly caved; humeral spine well developed and complex with 2-3 small spines; illicium short, slender, devoid of tendrils, usually shorter than the second dorsal spine; esca with simple pennant-like flap, without long cirri and eye-like appendages; second dorsal spine short, darkly pigmented distally and with dark tendrils present; third dorsal spine long, darkly pigment and devoid of tendril; fourth, fifth, and sixth dorsal spine short, devoid of tendrils an dark pigment at bases. Body with dark-brown irregular reticular vein on yellow-brown background on dorsal surface; ventral surface light; underside of pectoral fin dark distally; anal and caudal fins dark; oral cavity pale or dusky, without color pattern. 
Habitat: Marine. Bathydemersal, found in the outer continental shelf and upper slope, usually in depth 100-600 m. First dorsal spine highly modified into a long rod with a lure at the end call illicium and esca, acts as a fishing lure to attracting small fish and  
Distribution: Restricted to the northwest Pacific from Japan to East China Sea. It is rare in Taiwan, its southmost distributing range extend to the Northeast off Yilan. 
Utility: Serve as high value and delicious seafood. Some used in Chinese medicine. 
Name Code: 381160
  IUCN Red List:DD      Marine     
Suggested Link    The Fish Database of Taiwan  FishBase  Discover Life  World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS)  Taiwan Biodiversity Network (TBN) 
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