Kingdom Animalia  
 Phylum Chordata  
 Class Actinopterygii  
 Order Lophiiformes  
 Family Melanocetidae  
 Genus Melanocetus  
  Melanocetus murrayi  Günther, 1887 
Provider: Hsuan-Ching Ho 
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Synonyms:Melanocetus nigerMelanocetus tumidusMelanocetus voraxRhynchoceratias acanthirostrisRhynchoceratias latirhinusRhynchoceratias longipinnisRhynchoceratis latirhinusXenoceratias acanthirostrisXenoceratias latirhinusXenoceratias longipinnisXenoceratias regani  details
Citation: 何宣慶(2002)碩士論文;Fish of Japan(Nakabo, 2002);Fishbase(2003)
Character: Females with body short, globular; mouth large, cleft extending past eye, oblique or vertical; eye small; illicium short; esca simple, with conical distal end but no crest; anterior margin of vomer very concave; skin covered with tiny close-set dermal spinules, appearing naked; upper and lower jaws with numerous slender, recurved and depressible teeth; vomerine teeth present; dark brown to black over entire surface of head, body, fins, and oral cavity; sphenotic spines absent. D10-13; P 14-16; A 4; C 9. Upper jaw teeth 37-56, lower jaw teeth 46-122. Measurement in % SL: illicium length 34.5, escal width 3.9%, head length 27.6, head depth 45.7, premaxillary length 34.5, lower jaws 34.5, the narrowest distance between front 13.8%. 
Habitat: Marine. First dorsal spine of female highly modified into a long rod with a light organ in the tip call illicium and esca, the esca containing bacteria as luminous symbiont, its function in attracting prey. Oviparous, larvae habits in the upper, food-rich 
Distribution: Wistly distributed in the tropical to temperate of all oceans. It is a common species in Taiwan occurring in northeast off Yilan. 
Utility: No commercial value. 
Name Code: 381162
  IUCN Red List:LC      Marine     
Suggested Link    The Fish Database of Taiwan  FishBase 
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