Kingdom Animalia  
 Phylum Chordata  
 Class Actinopterygii  
 Order Perciformes  
 Family Ephippidae  
 Genus Ephippus  
  Ephippus orbis  (Bloch, 1787) 
Provider: Kwang-Tsao Shao 
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Synonyms:Chaetodon orbisEphippeus orbis  details
Citation: 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);The Live Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific, Vol.6(FAO, 2001)
Character: Body orbicular and strongly compressed. Eye above horizontal axis through mouth. Mouth small, the maxilla not reaching past vertical at front edge of eye; jaws with bands of slender, incisiform teeth with a single lanceolate cusp; no teeth on palatines or vomer. Dorsal fin single, deeply notched before soft-rayed part, with IX spines and 19 or 20 soft rays; anal fin with III spines and 15 to 17 soft rays; pectoral fins shorter than head, with 18 or 19 rays; caudal fin truncate. Scales comparatively large and smooth. Lateral line complete, with 39 to 43 scales. Head and body silvery bluegreen; 4 or 5 faint dark blue bars often visible on body; fins dusky. 
Habitat: Inhabits shallow water, over mud bottoms. Feeds on benthic invertebrates and fishes. 
Distribution: Widespread in the tropical Indo-West Pacific from Persian Gulf to Natal, South Africa, eastward to India and Lesser Sunda Island, Indonesia, north to Japan and Taiwan, south to northern Australia. It is a common species in weastern Taiwanese waters. 
Utility: Marketed fresh. 
Name Code: 381667
Suggested Link    The Fish Database of Taiwan  FishBase  Discover Life  World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) 
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