Kingdom Animalia  
 Phylum Chordata  
 Class Actinopterygii  
 Order Perciformes  
 Family Scombridae  
 Genus Sarda  
  Sarda orientalis  (Temminck & Schlegel, 1844) 
Provider: Kwang-Tsao Shao 
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Synonyms:Pelamys orientalisSarda orientalis serventyiSarda velox  details
Citation: 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);The Live Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific, Vol.6(FAO, 2001)
Character: Body elongate and slightly compressed. Mouth moderately large; Upper jaw teeth 12 to 20; lower jaw teeth 10 to 17; vomerine teeth absent; 8 to 13 gillrakers on first arch. Dorsal fins close together, the first with XVII to XIX spines, its margin straight; the second with 14 to 17 rays followed by 7 to 9 finlets;;anal fin with 14 to 16 rays followed by 6 to 7 finlets; pectoral fins short, with 23 to 26 rays; interpelvic process small and bifid. Lateral line single, gradually curving down toward caudal peduncle. Body completely covered with very small scales posterior to the corselet; caudal peduncle slender, with a well developed lateral keel between 2 smaller keels on each side. Swimbladder absent; spleen large and prominent in ventral view, located in the posterior half of the visceral cavity; liver-with elongate left and right lobes and a short middle lobe. Back with narrow oblique stripes. 
Habitat: A coastal species found schooling with small tunas. Also found around some islands. Feeds on clupeoids, other fishes, squids and decapod crustaceans. Spawning varies with the monsoon season. 
Distribution: Widespread but with many gaps in its known distribution. Eastern Pacific: Hawaiian Islands and Pacific coast of USA to southern tip of Baja California and Tres Marias Islands extending to Cabo Blanco, Peru (especially during El Niño events), the Gala 
Utility: Marketed mainly fresh; also dried-salted, canned and frozen. 
Name Code: 382492
  IUCN Red List:LC      Marine     
Suggested Link    The Fish Database of Taiwan  FishBase  Discover Life  World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS)  Taiwan Biodiversity Network (TBN) 
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