Kingdom Animalia  
 Phylum Chordata  
 Class Actinopterygii  
 Order Perciformes  
 Family Serranidae  
 Genus Cephalopholis  
  Cephalopholis miniata  (Forsskål, 1775) 
Provider: Chen, Jeng-Ping 
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Synonyms:Cephalopholis boniniusCephalopholis cyanostigmaCephalopholis maculatusCephalopholis miniatusCephalopolis miniatusEpinephelus miniatusPerca miniataPomacentrus burdiSerranus cyanostigmatoidesSerranus miniatusSerranus perguttatus  details
Citation: 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea(Randall et al.,1990)
Character: Dorsal fin with IX spines and 14 to 16 rays, the membranes distinctly indented between the spines; anal fin with III spines and 9 (rarely 8) rays, the fin margin rounded in adults; pectoral-fin rays 17 or 18, pectoral-fin length contained 1.4 to 1.75 times in head length; pelvic fins usually not reaching anus, their length contained 1.9 to 2.3 times in head length; caudal fin well rounded. Midlateral-body scales ctenoid; no auxiliary scales; lateral-line scales 47 to 56; lateral-scale series 94 to 114. 
Habitat: C. miniata is usually found on well-developed exposed coral reefs in clear water at depths of 2 to 150 m. Shpigel and Fishelson (1989) found that it feeds mainly during the early morning (07.00 to 09.00 h) and midafternoon (14.00 to 16.00 h). Most  
Distribution: Tropical Indo-Pacific and Red Sea (but not the Persian Gulf or French Polynesia), from the African coast (south to Durban, South Africa) to the Line Islands in the central Pacific, including most islands in the Indian and west-central Pacific oceans, sout 
Utility: C. miniata is a common species that is of considerable economic importance to local fisheries. 
Name Code: 382517
  IUCN Red List:LC      Marine     
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