Kingdom Animalia  
 Phylum Chordata  
 Class Actinopterygii  
 Order Perciformes  
 Family Serranidae  
 Genus Epinephelus  
  Epinephelus bruneus  Bloch, 1793 ( 👉 redirect to new TaiCOL )
Provider: Chen, Jeng-Ping 
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Synonyms:Cephalopholis moaraEpinephelus brunneusEpinephelus moaraSerranus moara  details
Citation: 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);The Live Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific, Vol.4(FAO,1999)
Character: Dorsal fin with XI spines and 13 to 15 rays, the third or fourth spine longest, but shorter than the longest ray, the interspinous membranes deeply incised; anal fin with III spines and 8 rays; pectoral-fin rays 17 to 19; pectoral-fin length contained 1.9 to 2.5 times in head length; pelvic-fin length contained 2.2 to 2.6 times in head length and ending well short of anus; caudal fin rounded. Midlateral-body scales ctenoid; no auxiliary scales on body; lateral-line scales 64 to 72; some anterior lateral-line scales on adults with branched tubes; lateral-scale series 93 to 126. 
Habitat: Inhabits rocky reefs; also found on muddy grounds. Juveniles occur in shallow waters. Commercially cultured in Japan 
Distribution: Northwest Pacific: Korea, Japan (north to Hegura-jima Island), China (south to Hong Kong and Hainan Island), and Taiwan. 
Utility: It has commercial purpose in fisheries and aquaculture and also one of gamefish speceis.  
Name Code: 382532
  IUCN Red List:VU A2bd     Marine     
Suggested Link    The Fish Database of Taiwan  FishBase  Discover Life  World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS)  Taiwan Biodiversity Network (TBN) 
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