Kingdom Animalia  
 Phylum Chordata  
 Class Actinopterygii  
 Order Perciformes  
 Family Sphyraenidae  
 Genus Sphyraena  
  Sphyraena barracuda  (Edwards, 1771) 
Provider: Kwang-Tsao Shao 
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Synonyms:Agrioposphyraena barracudaEsox barracudaSphyraena baracudaSphyraena becunaSphyraena commersoniiSphyraena dussumieriSphyraena picudaSphyraena sphyraena picudaSyphyraena barracuda  details
Citation: 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);The Live Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific, Vol.6(FAO, 2001)
Character: Body elongate, subcylindrical or slightly compressed. Head long, pointed, scaly on sides and posteriorly on top. Mouth nearly horizontal, large. Jaws elongate, the lower one considerably projecting; large, sharp, flattened or conical teeth of unequal size on jaws and palatines; usually 1 or 2 strong, sharp canines near tip of lower jaw. Maxilla reaching to or a little beyond anterior margin of eye. No gill rakers on first gill arch. Two short dorsal fins, widely separated; the first with V strong spines inserted about opposite to or behind pelvic fins; the second with I spine and 9 soft rays; anal fin with II spines and 7 or 8 soft rays; origin of pelvic fins before first dorsal-fin origin; caudal fin with a pair of large lobes at posterior margin, except in young less than 50 cm total length which have a forked caudal fin.. Lateral-line scales 75 to 87. Many oblique dark bars on upper half of body, these not across lateral line; caudal fin black with white tips; some black blotches sometimes present on underside of posterior body. Juveniles with a series of large dark blotches irregularly arranged on sides of body. 
Habitat: Found predominantly at or near the surface. Juveniles occur among mangroves, estuaries and shallow sheltered inner reef areas; adults occur in a wide range of habitats from murky inner harbors to open seas. Diurnal and solitary, but can also be found in s 
Distribution: Widespread in all tropical seas of the world except the eastern Pacific Ocean; north to southern Japan. It is a very common species in Taiwan, especially in southern part. 
Utility: Sold fresh. Utilized also dried or salted. 
Name Code: 382645
  IUCN Red List:LC      Marine     
Suggested Link    The Fish Database of Taiwan  FishBase  Discover Life  World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) 
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