Kingdom Animalia  
 Phylum Chordata  
 Class Actinopterygii  
 Order Perciformes  
 Family Terapontidae  
 Genus Pelates  
  Pelates quadrilineatus  (Bloch, 1790) 
Provider: Kwang-Tsao Shao 
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Synonyms:Holocentrus quadrilineatusPelates quadrillneatusPelatus quadrilineatusPleates quadrilineatusTherapon quadrilineatus  details
Citation: 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);福建魚類誌(朱等, 1985)
Character: Body oblong, compressed laterally. Jaws equal, gape oblique; posterior margin of upper jaw extending to vertical line through posterior nostril; teeth browntipped, 2 rows in lower jaw and 3 rows or a villiform band with outer row of upper jaw enlarged in upper jaw; vomer and palatines toothless. Preopercle serrate. First gill arch with 16 to 18 gill rakers on upper limb, 22 to 27 on lower limb. Dorsal fin with XII or XIII spines and 9 to 11 soft rays; anal fin with III spines and 9 or 10 soft rays. Pored scales in lateral line 66 to 75. Generally silver in color, with 4-6 dark horizontal lines; a black blotch behind head and below dorsal origin and another in front of dorsal fin may be present; caudal fin pale or slightly dusky. 
Habitat: A coastal species often found in brackish waters; common in estuaries. Croaks when taken from the water. Usually forming schools. Juveniles in seagrass beds and in mangrove bays. Feeds on small fishes and invertebrates. 
Distribution: Widespread in the Indo-Pacific from Red Sea and East Africa to southern Japan, New Guinea and Arafura Sea. Reported from Vanuatu. Migrated to the Mediterranean from the Red Sea via the Suez Canal. It is commonly found from freshwater to brackish-water reg 
Utility: Food fish; marketed fresh. 
Name Code: 382658
Suggested Link    The Fish Database of Taiwan  FishBase  Discover Life  World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS)  Taiwan Biodiversity Network (TBN) 
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