Kingdom Animalia  
 Phylum Chordata  
 Class Chondrichthyes  
 Order Carcharhiniformes  
 Family Carcharhinidae  
 Genus Scoliodon  
  Scoliodon laticaudus  Müller & Henle, 1838 
Provider: Pofeng Lee& Shoou-Jeng Joung 
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Synonyms:Carcharias macrorhynchosCarcharias muelleriCarcharias palasooraCarcharias sorrahkowahCarcharias sorrakowahPhysodon muelleriPhysodon tayloriRhizoprionodon oligolinxRhizoprionodon tayloriScoliodon palasorrahScoliodon sorrakawah details
Citation:
臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993)
中國動物誌-圓口綱及軟骨魚綱(朱等, 2001)
FAO Species Catalogue, Vol.4 Sharks of the world
White, W.T., P.R. Last and G.J.P. Naylor, 2010. Scoliodon macrorhynchos (Bleeker, 1852), a second species of spadenose shark from the Western Pacific (Carcharhiniformes: Carcharhinidae). pp. 61-76. In P.R. Last, W.T. White, and J.J. Pogonoski (eds). Descriptions of new sharks and rays from Borneo. CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research Paper no. 32.
Character: A moderately stout, with head broad, greatly depressed, and trowel shaped shark. Snout bell-shaped in dorsoventral view. Preoral length greater than internarial space and mouth width. Eyes small and without posterior notches. Spiracles absent. Teeth similar in upper and lower jaws. Teeth of anteroposteriors with slender oblique cusps and distal blades but no cusplets or serrations. 25-33/24-34 rows of teeth. Interdorsal ridge absent. First dorsal origin over or behind pectoral rear tips, its midbase much closer to pelvic bases than to pectorals and its free rear tip about over pelvic midbases. Second dorsal fin height 1/3 of 1st height or less. Pectoral fin origin under interspace between 4th and 5th of gill slits. Anal fin much larger than 2nd dorsal fin, with short preanal ridges. Colour light grey, yellowish or brownish grey above, without any colour pattern. 
Habitat: A common tropical and subtropical shark of continental and insular shelves. Viviparous, with an unusual columnar placenta. Fertilized eggs are unusually small, only 1 mm in diameter and with little yolk. Maximum size is about 74 cm. Males maturing at 24-3 
Distribution: Indo-West Pacific including Tanzania, Pakistan, India, Sri Lanka, Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand, Java, Borneo, China, Taiwan, Japan. 
Utility: Caught with hook-and-line, longline, floating and bottom gillnets and set bottom nets, and traps. Utilized fresh for human consumption. 
Name Code: 383087
  IUCN Red List:NT      Marine     
Suggested Link    The Fish Database of Taiwan  FishBase  Discover Life  World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) 
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