Kingdom Animalia  
 Phylum Chordata  
 Class Actinopterygii  
 Order Lophiiformes  
 Family Diceratiidae  
 Genus Bufoceratias  
  Bufoceratias shaoi  Pietsch, Ho & Chen, 2004 
Provider: Hsuan-Ching Ho 
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Character: Body of females short, globular; mouth large, cleft extending past eye; skin covered with tiny close-set dermal spinules; dark brown to black over entire surface of head, body; illicium very long, emerging from dorsal surface of head at rear of skull; second dorsal spine present sink beneath skin of head with age, but remaining connected to the surface through a small pore; anterior tip of pterygiophore of illicium concealed beneath skin. Esca with an elongate, unpigmented terminal papilla, cylindrical and truncated or gradually tapering to a point; escal pore situated at postero-basal margin of terminal papilla; anterior escal appendage divided into several secondary branches, each branch bearing numerous slender filaments; a pair of slender filaments emerging from escal bulb adjacent to origin of anterior escal appendage; a pair of short unbranched anterolateral appendages; a pair of lateral escal appendages, each divided into four or five secondary branches, each bearing numerous long, slender filaments; increased branching and elongation of appendages and filaments with increasing size of specimens; length from base of escal bulb to tip of longest filaments 23-48% SL; proximal parts of all appendages and filaments lightly pigmented, distal ends unpigmented. Illicium length in 25-40 % SL. 
Habitat: Marine. First dorsal spine of female highly modified into a long rod with a light organ in the tip call illicium and esca, the esca containing bacteria as luminous symbiont, its function in attracting prey. Oviparous. Adults are meso- and bathypelagic. Ma 
Distribution: Widely distribed in Indo-West Pacific from Mozambique Channel to Taiwan. In Taiwan. it is rare occurring in northeastern off Yilan. 
Utility: No commercial value. 
Name Code: 383299
  IUCN Red List:LC      Marine     
Suggested Link    The Fish Database of Taiwan  FishBase  Discover Life  World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) 
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