Kingdom Animalia  
 Phylum Chordata  
 Class Chondrichthyes  
 Order Myliobatiformes  
 Family Gymnuridae  
 Genus Gymnura  
  Gymnura zonura  (Bleeker, 1852) 
Provider: Kwang-Tsao Shao 
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Synonyms:Aetoplatea zonuraAetoplatea zonurusGymnura zonurusPteroplatea zonura  details
Citation: 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);臺灣產土魟科魚類之系統分類研究(張弘俊,1985)
Character: Disc very broad, twice as wide as long, Head very broad and flattened. Snout blunt, short, with a small prominence at end of snout. Eyes small, 2.5 in snout. Spiracles larger than eyes, close behind it. No tentacle behind the spiracles. Mouth side, waved. Teeth small, similar in both jaws. Nostrils large, oblique; nasal flap nearly straight, barely fringed. One small dorsal fin, small, rounded, before the serrated spine. Tail small, short, with low cutaneous fold on under surface of tail. Specimen in formalin black brown on the back with numerous minute rounded, oblong, irregular blackish dots; lower surface white. Tail with row of large longitudinally oval blackish spots above, white below. 
Habitat: Found inshore and offshore. Ovoviviparous. 
Distribution: Singapore, Batavia, East Indies, Taiwan. 
Name Code: 395482
  IUCN Red List:EN A2d     Marine     
Suggested Link    The Fish Database of Taiwan  FishBase  Taiwan Biodiversity Network (TBN) 
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