Kingdom Animalia  
 Phylum Chordata  
 Class Actinopterygii  
 Order Mugiliformes  
 Family Mugilidae  
 Genus Planiliza  
  Planiliza macrolepis  (Smith, 1846) 
Provider: FishDB 
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Synonyms:Chelon macrolepisEllochelon luciaeEllochelon melinopteraLiza akameLiza alataLiza luciaeLiza melanopteraLiza oligolepisLiza parvaLiza pescadorensisLiza troscheli details
Citation: 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);The Live Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific, Vol.4(FAO,1999)
Character: Body moderately robust. Head depth equal to or greater than width; head flattened dorsally. Snout length less than or equal to eye diameter, moderately pointed. Upper lip with outer row of very close-set, small, peg-like unicuspid teeth, forming fine comb; 1 or 2 irregular rows of smaller, more wide-set teeth; inner rows well spaced from outer row. Lower lip directed forwards with small villiform teeth present or absent. Vomer toothed. Adipose eyefold poorly developed as rim around eye or absent. Gill rakers on lower limb of first gill arch 35 to 78, shorter than longest gill filament. Origin of first dorsal fin closer to base of caudal fin than tip of snout; anal fin with III spines and 9 soft rays; caudal fin emarginate. Ctenoid scales in longitudinal series 32 or 33; 10 or 11 in transverse series; 7 to 9 scales in longitudinal series anterior to tip of pectoral fins and 21 or 22 anterior to origin of second dorsal fin; 16 scales in transverse series entirely around caudal peduncle. Body greenish grey dorsally; flanks and abdomen silvery; fins grey or bluish with dusky margins and may appear yellowish at base; pectoral fins with golden base, and perhaps a dark spot. 
Habitat: Occurs in shallow coastal waters, and from brackish water to freshwater regions of rivers. Forms schools; in larger aggregations during spawning, which takes place at sea. Feeds on small algae, diatoms, forams, benthic polychaetes, crustaceans, mollusks,  
Distribution: Common throughout most of Indo-Pacific from East Africa and Red Sea toMarquesas and Tuamoto islands; north to Japan and Marianas Islands. It is very common species found in coastal waters and brackish water to freshwater regions of rivers of Taiwan. 
Utility: Marketed fresh. 
Name Code: 441382
  IUCN Red List:LC      Marine     
Suggested Link    The Fish Database of Taiwan  FishBase 
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