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Kingdom Animalia  
 Phylum Chordata  
 Class Actinopterygii  
 Order Beryciformes  
 Family Holocentridae  
 Genus Sargocentron  
  Sargocentron spiniferum  (Forsskål, 1775) 
Provider: Chen, Jeng-Ping 
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Synonyms:Adioryx spiniferHolocentrum binotatumHolocentrum leoHolocentrum melanopterusHolocentrum spiniferumHolocentrum unipunctatumHolocentrus bowieiHolocentrus spiniferHolocentrus spiniferusHolocentrus verticalisHolocentrus xanthurus details
Citation:
臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993)
Fishes of Japan(Nakabo, 2002)
Fishbase(2008)
Randall, J.E, 1998. Revision of the Indo-Pacific squirrelfishes (Beryciformes: Holocentridae: Holocentrinae) of the genus Sargocentron, with descriptions of four new species.. Indo-Pacific Fishe
Character: Dorsal fin with XI spines and 14-16 soft rays; anal fin with IV spines and 9-10 soft rays. Head and body red, scale edges silvery white; spinous dorsal crimson in color; other fins orange-yellow; vertically oblong crimson spot on preopercle behind eye. Five oblique scale rows on cheek; body depth 2.4-2.6 in SL; head length 2.55-2.85 in SL; lower jaw when closed slightly to moderately projecting; snout length 3.0-3.8 in HL larger than orbit diameter in adults; interorbital width 6.3-8.7 in HL; maxilla extending posteriorly to a vertical at front edge of the orbit; anterior end of nasal bone often with 2 close-set, short spines; medioposterior margin of nasal bone spineless; large nasal fossa spineless on margin; slight ridge of upper edge of suborbital bones weakly serrate; 2 subequal opercular spines; long preopercular spine, usually greater than orbit diameter in specimens at least 20 cm SL; 3rd or 4th dorsal spine longest, 1.7-2.3 in HL; 3rd anal spine 1.7-2.3 in HL. 
Habitat: A solitary species that inhabits a variety of reef zones from reef flats to lagoon and seaward reefs to a depth of at least 122 m and is fairly common in areas not subjected to heavy spear fishing. Found under ledges during the day. Largest species of squ 
Distribution: Indo-Pacific: Red Sea and East Africa to the Hawaiian and Ducie islands, north to southern Japan, south to Australia; throughout Micronesia. Of course Include Taiwan. 
Utility: Commercial food species, edible. 
Name Code: 380937
  IUCN Red List:LC      Marine     
Suggested Link    The Fish Database of Taiwan  FishBase  Discover Life  World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) 
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张俊杰
2013-11-11 U/L
 
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