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Kingdom Animalia  
 Phylum Chordata  
 Class Actinopterygii  
 Order Gasterosteiformes  
 Family Syngnathidae  
 Genus Hippocampus  
  Hippocampus spinosissimus  Weber, 1913 
Provider: P. L. Lin 
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Synonyms:Hippocampus aimeiHippocampus arneidetails
Citation:
Fishbase(2005)
Lourie, S.A., A.C.J. Vincent and H.J. Hall, 1999. Seahorses: an identification guide to the world's species and their conservation.. Project Seahorse, London. 214 p.
Character: Rings: 11+40-41 (38-43). Snout length: 2.2 (1.9-2.4) in head length. Dorsal fin rays: 20 (18-22) covering 2+1 rings. Pectoral fin rays: 17-18 (16-19). Coronet: very low, in line with arch of neck, visible as five tiny points. Spines: low and small to slightly raised. Other distinctive characters: very sharp hook-like cheek and eye spines; quite flat in appearance; narrow head; no nose spine. Color pattern: golden orange, sandy colored or totally black; may have large dark spots on the dorsolateral surface of the first, fourth and seventh trunk ring (less visible in dark specimens, and more common in males than females); some specimens "zebra striped" in brown and white.  
Habitat: Inhabits gravel or sand bottoms around shallow reefs; muddy estuaries and near mangroves, tolerating brackish water.  
Distribution: Distributed in the Indo-Pacific from southern India to Japan, Australia and Tahiti. It is a common species in Taiwan except eastern part. 
Utility: International trade is monitored through a licensing system (CITES II, since 5.15.04). 
Name Code: 381119
      IUCN Red List:VU A2d     Marine     
Suggested Link    The Fish Database of Taiwan  FishBase  Discover Life  World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) 
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