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Kingdom Animalia  
 Phylum Chordata  
 Class Actinopterygii  
 Order Beloniformes  
 Family Exocoetidae  
 Genus Exocoetus  
  Exocoetus monocirrhus  Richardson, 1846 
Provider: Kwang-Tsao Shao 
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Synonyms:Exocaetus monocirrhusExocoetus georgianusExocoetus melanopusExocoetus monocirrousHalacypselurus borodiniHalocypselus borodiniHalocypselus borodoni  details
Citation: 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);The Live Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific, Vol.4(FAO,1999);Fishes of Japan(Nakabo, 2002)
Character: Body elongate, broadly cylindrical. Head short. Snout blunt. Mouth small. Both jaws of equal length; juveniles with a long barbel. Gill rakers well developed, with 24-27 gill rakers on first gill arch. Dorsal and anal fins with 12-14 soft rays; pectoral fins high on sides, strikingly long, always extending beyond posterior end of anal fin, anterior 1 soft rays unbranched; pelvic fins short, not reaching anal-fin origin, inserted nearer to pectoral-fin insertion than to anal-fin origin; caudal fin deeply forked, its lower lobe longer than the upper. Scales large, cycloid, easily shed; predorsal scales 18-22; lateral line without branch at throrax, with 40-50 scales; as a rule 7 transverse rows of scales between dorsal-fin origin and lateral line. Body deep blue above, pale below; dorsal fin without distinct black region; anterior tip and posterior half of dorsal side of pectoral fin transparent, rest dark.  
Habitat: Epipelagic in oceanic and neritic waters. May leap out of the water and glide for considerable distances above the surface. 
Distribution: Widespread throughout the tropical zone, from East Africa to Central America. It is very common in all Taiwanese waters. 
Utility: Minor importance to fisheries. Sometimes marketed fresh or dried.  
Name Code: 380879
Suggested Link    The Fish Database of Taiwan  FishBase  Discover Life  World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS)  Taiwan Biodiversity Network (TBN) 
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