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Kingdom Animalia  
 Phylum Chordata  
 Class Actinopterygii  
 Order Perciformes  
 Family Carangidae  
 Genus Parastromateus  
  Parastromateus niger  (Bloch, 1795) ( 👉 redirect to new TaiCOL )
Provider: Kwang-Tsao Shao 
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Synonyms:Citula halliFormio nigerParastromaeus nigerStromateus nigerTemnodon inornatus  details
Citation: 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);Lin & Shao(1999)
Character: D. I+40-43; A. I+34-37; P. i+20; G.R. 6+13-14; CLS. 57-68; SLS. 4-6 scales, 19 scutes; vertebrate 10+14. Adipose eyelid feebly developed. Scales small and deciduous, and almost completely covering dorsal and anal fins. Lateral line very weakly arched anteriorly; straight part of lateral line with 19 weak scutes, forming a slight keel on caudal pecuncle. First dorsal- and free anal-fin spines weak, embedded and not apparent in adults; pelvic fins long in young, absent in adults. Adults uniformly silvery grey to bluish brown (yellowish brown when deciduous scales missing); fins with dark edges; young with dark vertical bars and long black jugular pelvic fins. 
Habitat: Inhabits coastal areas with muddy substrate. Usually found in depths of 15 to 40 m, generally over muddy bottoms. Enters estuaries. Normally forms large schools. Swims on its side near the surface. Feeds on zooplankton. 
Distribution: Broadly distributed in tropical and subtropical waters of Indo-Pacific. It is an abundant species of carangid fishes in Taiwanese waters, especially in the west. 
Utility: Excellent food fish; marketed fresh, may be dried or salted. 
Name Code: 381542
  IUCN Red List:LC      Marine     
Suggested Link    The Fish Database of Taiwan  FishBase  Discover Life  World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS)  Taiwan Biodiversity Network (TBN) 
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