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Kingdom Animalia  
 Phylum Chordata  
 Class Actinopterygii  
 Order Myctophiformes  
 Family Myctophidae  
 Genus Diaphus  
  Diaphus splendidus  (Brauer, 1904) 
Provider: Ming-Chi Wang 
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Synonyms:Diaphus scapulofulgensDiaphus splendidumDiaphus steadiDiaphus vitiaziMyctophum splendidum  details
臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993)
A review of lanternfishes( Families: Myctophidae and Neoscopelidae) and their distributions around Taiwan and Tungsha Islands with notes on seventeen new records(Wang and Chen, 2001)
Fishes of Japan(Nakabo, 2002)
Character: D. 15(14); A. 16(17); P. 12(11); G.R. 5 + 1 + 11-12, total 17-18; AO 6 (5-7) + 6 (5-7), total 12 (11-13). Operculum rounded posterodorsally; poercular margin fast tapering into short, sharp point located somewhat above and interior to PLO. Anterior end of frontal supraorbital ridge produced into a forward directed strong spine. Origin of dorsal fin in advance of base of ventral fin. Origin of anal fin behind end of base of dorsal fin. Pectoral fins extending about to PO5. Ventral fins reaching anus. Base of adipose fin over end of base of anal fin. Dn well developed, round, directed forward, set in a rather deep recess immediately postero-dorsad to nasal apparatus; Vn well developed, its main bulk roughly triangular, situated at the antero-ventral aspect of the eye, extending dorsally in between eye and nasal apparatus in the form of a strand of luminous tissue, reaching Dn in mature females, growing beyond Dn, expanding and filling the males; posterior tip of Vn scarcely reaching vertical through anterior margin of pupil; a strand fo darkly pigment tissue between entire length of Vn and orbit, its thickest section found between anterior aspect of eye and nasal rosette. PLO midway between lateral line and base of pectoral fin or a little lower. VLO nearly twice as close to lateral line as to base of ventral fin. VO4, SAO1, SAO2 on a straight line; SAO3 slightly in front of vertical through origin of anal fin and in contact with lateral line. AOa1 about 2 times its diameter anterodorsad to AOa2; last AOa elevated. Pol in advance of base of adipose fin, in contact with lateral line. AOp over end of anal fin. Prc froming an arc with Prc3-Prc4 interspace often distinctly enlarged; Prc4 about 1.5 times its diameter below lateral line. A luminous scale at PLO, its size 3-4 times that of a body photophores. 
Habitat: Mesopelagic 
Distribution: Off southern and eastern Taiwan; Tropical Pacific, Indian and Atlantic Oceans. 
Name Code: 381204
  IUCN Red List:LC      Marine     
Suggested Link    The Fish Database of Taiwan  FishBase  Discover Life  World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS)  Taiwan Biodiversity Network (TBN) 
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