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Kingdom Animalia  
 Phylum Chordata  
 Class Actinopterygii  
 Order Perciformes  
 Family Carangidae  
 Genus Gnathanodon  
  Gnathanodon speciosus  (Forsskål, 1775) 
Provider: Kwang-Tsao Shao 
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Synonyms:Caranx civesCaranx edentulusCaranx panamensisCaranx speciosusGnathandon speciosusGnathodon speciosusGnathonodon speciosusScomber speciosusdetails
Citation: 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);Lin & Shao(1999)
Character: D. VIII, I+19-20; A. II, I+16-17; P. i+19-20; G.R. 7-8+18-21; CLS. 62-73; SLS. 15-27 scales, 18-25 scutes; vertebrate 10+14. Adipose eyelid feebly developed. Maxilla extends to below anterior margin of eye. Teethless on jaws, vomer, palatines and tongue, only a few feeble teeth on low jaw in smaller specimen. Breast completely scaled. Finlets none. Juveniles and young adults silvery to yellow with 7 to 11 black bands, usually alternating broad and narrow; the first band oblique through eye, the second crossing back and opercle; upper margin of opercle black; all fins yellow, tips of caudal-fin lobes black; dark opercular spot also fades with age and body becomes yellow-green dorsally, pale yellow below. 
Habitat: Found inshore, including rocky reefs, deep lagoons, and seaward reefs. A bottom feeder that uses its highly protractile mouth to root the sand and small crevices for crustaceans, molluscs, and small fishes. Young display “piloting” habits with sharks and  
Distribution: Widely distributed in tropical and subtropical waters of Indo-Pacific. It is occasional in all Taiwanese watwrs but mainly in the southern part. 
Utility: Marketed fresh and salted or dried. Juveniles are used in the aquarium trade. 
Name Code: 381539
  IUCN Red List:LC      Marine     
Suggested Link    The Fish Database of Taiwan  FishBase  Discover Life  World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) 
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