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Kingdom Animalia  
 Phylum Chordata  
 Class Chondrichthyes  
 Order Lamniformes  
 Family Odontaspididae  
 Genus Carcharias  
  Carcharias taurus  Rafinesque, 1810 
Provider: Pofeng Lee& Shoou-Jeng Joung 
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Synonyms:Carcharhinus taurusCarcharias arenariusCarcharias feroxCarcharias griseusCarcharias owstoniCarcharias platensisCarcharias tricuspidatusCharcharias taurusEugomphodus taurusLamna ecarinataOdontaspis americanus details
Citation: 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);中國動物誌-圓口綱及軟骨魚綱(朱等, 2001);FAO Species Catalogue, Vol.4 Sharks of the world
Character: A large, bulky shark. Head with 5 medium to large gill slits, all in front of pectoral-fin bases, no gill rakers; snout very short and flattened-conical; no nasal barbels or nasoral grooves; eyes small, without nictitating eyelids; mouth very long and angular, extending well behind eyes; anterior teeth in 3 rows on either side of symphysis, large, with long, narrow, hooked, sharp-edged but non-serrated cusps and usually 1 short cusplet on each side; upper anteriors separated from the smaller laterals by a single row of tiny intermediate teeth (lacking in lower jaw); lower anteriors separated at front by 2 rows of small symphyseal teeth (generally lacking in upper jaw). Two dorsal fins, the base of first just in front of pelvic-fin bases and well posterior to pectoral fins; second dorsal fin about as large as first dorsal and anal fins; caudal fin strongly asymmetrical, with a pronounced subterminal notch and a short ventral lobe. No keels on caudal peduncle, but with a strong upper precaudal pit. Claspers tapering. Intestinal valve of ring type. Colour: light brown, often with darker reddish or brownish spots scattered on body, eyes with light green irises. 
Habitat: Maximum total length about 3.18 m; adults between 2.2 to 3 m. Size at birth 95 to 105 cm. Males maturing at about 190 to 195 cm; females maturing at 220 cm or more. A common littoral shark found inshore from the surf zone and in shallow bays to at least 1 
Distribution: East and Northeast off Taiwan; wide-ranging in warm-temperate and tropical coastal waters of the Atlantic Ocean, Mediterranean Sea, and Indo-West Pacific Ocean; absent from the Central Pacific and eastern Pacific Oceans. 
Utility: It is caught by a large variety of fishing gear including line gear, bottom gill nets, and in pelagic and bottom trawls and is utilized for its flesh, liver oil, fins, and hides for leather. This shark is listed on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Animals  
Name Code: 383128
  IUCN Red List:VU A2ab+3d     Marine     
Suggested Link    The Fish Database of Taiwan  FishBase  Discover Life  World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) 
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