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Kingdom Animalia  
 Phylum Chordata  
 Class Actinopterygii  
 Order Perciformes  
 Family Caesionidae  
 Genus Pterocaesio  
  Pterocaesio digramma  (Bleeker, 1864) 
Provider: Kwang-Tsao Shao 
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Synonyms:Caesio diagrammaCaesio digrammaPterocaesio diagramma  details
Citation: 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993)
Character: Body fusiform, elongate, and moderately compressed. Two postmaxillary processes; small conical teeth in jaws, vomer, and palatines. Dorsal fin with X spines and 15 (rarely 14 or 16) soft rays; anal fin with III spines and 12 (rarely 11) soft rays; pectoral fins usually with 20 to 22 rays. Scales in lateral line 66 to 75 (most frequently 72); upper peduncular scales usually 12 or 13, lower peduncular scales usually 16 or 17; scales above lateral line to origin of dorsal fin 9 to 11; scales below lateral line to origin of anal fin usually 17 or 18; 4 or 5 scale rows on cheek; predorsal scales usually 26 to 28; dorsal and anal fins scaly, dorsal fin with about 1/2 of its greatest spinous height covered with scales. Body blue to greenish dorsally, white ventrally; 2 longitudinal stripes laterally, lower running from behind upper orbit about 1 scale below lateral line to a vertical at about middle of soft portion of dorsal fin where it crosses and usually passes above lateral line for length of caudal peduncle; upper stripe 1 to 2 scales below dorsal profile formost of length of body, ending dorsally on caudal peduncle; fins white to pinkish; axil of pectoral fins black; dorsal fin slightly dusky distally; tips of caudal-fin lobes black. 
Habitat: Found in coastal areas, primarily around coral reefs, turning bright red. Feeds on zooplankton in midwater aggregations. 
Distribution: Primarily West Pacific from Indonesia and western Australia to New Caledonia, north to southern Japan. Recently reported from Norfolk Island. It is a very common species in Taiwan and present in all coastal waters, primarily around coral reefs. 
Utility: Moderately important as a food fish. Marketed mostly fresh; sometimes dried salted. 
Name Code: 382138
  IUCN Red List:LC      Marine     
Suggested Link    The Fish Database of Taiwan  FishBase  Discover Life  World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS)  Taiwan Biodiversity Network (TBN) 
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