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Kingdom Animalia  
 Phylum Chordata  
 Class Actinopterygii  
 Order Perciformes  
 Family Acanthuridae  
 Genus Acanthurus  
  Acanthurus pyroferus  Kittlitz, 1834 
Provider: Chen, Jeng-Ping 
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Synonyms:Acanthurus armigerAcanthurus celebicusAcanthurus fuscusAcanthurus leucocheilosAcanthurus leucosternonAcanthurus tristisHepatus celebicusHepatus leucosternonHepatus pyriferusRhombotides celebicus  details
Citation: 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea(Randall et al.,1990);The Live Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific, Vol.6(FAO, 2001)
Character: Dorsal-fin rays IX, 27-31 ; anal-fin rays III, 24-28 ; pectoral-fin rays 15-16. Body purplish wih an orange diffused patch at edge of gill opening, above pectoral fin base; a broad black band from upper end of gill opening to margin of gill cover down to isthmus; caudal peduncle spine socket with a narrow black margin. Blackish lips; a trace of orange behind eye; a white line under chin extending slightly above rictus. Gill rakers first gill arch on lower limb 23-26; on lower limb 25-27. 
Habitat: Usually found on coral reefs at depths from 2 to at least 60m. Feeds on benetic algae on reef, sand surfaces, and also on silty reefs. Found singly. Juveniles mimic Centropyge spp. 
Distribution: Indo-Pacific: Seychelles to the Marquesan and Tuamotu islands, north to southern Japan, south to the Great Barrier Reef and New Caledonia; throughout Micronesia. Taiwan: South, Hsiaoliuchiu, Lanyu, Lyudao, East.  
Utility: Commercial fishery and aquarium species. 
Name Code: 381273
  IUCN Red List:LC      Marine     
Suggested Link    The Fish Database of Taiwan  FishBase  Discover Life  World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) 
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