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Kingdom Animalia  
 Phylum Chordata  
 Class Actinopterygii  
 Order Perciformes  
 Family Mullidae  
 Genus Upeneus  
  Upeneus moluccensis  (Bleeker, 1855) 
Provider: Kwang-Tsao Shao 
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Synonyms:Mulloides flavolineatusMulloidichthys auriflammaUpeneoides dubiusUpeneoides fasciolatusUpeneoides moluccensisUpeneus molluccensisUpeneus mollucensisUpeneus mulluscensis  details
Citation: 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993)
Character: Body moderately elongate. Chin with 2 slender short barbels which do not reach posterior margin of preopercle. Mouth small; villiform teeth in a narrow band in jaws, on palatines, and in 2 small patches on vomer. First gill arch with 7 to 9 gill rakers on upper limb, 19 to 22 on lower limb (total 26 to 30). Two well-separated dorsal fins, the first with VIII spines, but frist spine small, and the second with 9 soft rays; second and third dorsal-fin spines longest, 1.45 to 1.65 times in head length; anal fin with I spine and 7 soft rays; pectoral-fin rays 15 to 17. Lateral-line scales 33 to 35; no scales on side of snout; small scales basally on second dorsal and anal fins; 5.5 scales between dorsal fins; 12 or 13 scales along dorsal edge of caudal peduncle. A golden yellow stripe about as broad as pupil from behind upper part of eye to upper base of caudal fin; back above stripe silvery pink, below silvery; snout silvery pink; upper lobe of caudal fin with 6 or 7 oblique red cross bars, the lower lobe red or longitudinally streaked with red; dorsal fins with red stripes; barbels white to pink; peritoneum brown to dark brown. 
Habitat: Found in coastal waters with a muddy substrate. Forms large schools. Usually fast swimming with short stops to feed. 
Distribution: Widely distributed in tropical and subtropical waters of Indo-Pacific from east coast of Africa to Southeast Asia; northward to Japan, southward to the northern coasts of Australia and New Caledonia. It is found in western, northern and northwestern Taiwa 
Utility: Marketed fresh. Utilized for fish meal. Valued also for its roe. 
Name Code: 382179
  IUCN Red List:LC      Marine     
Suggested Link    The Fish Database of Taiwan  FishBase  Discover Life  World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) 
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