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Kingdom Animalia  
 Phylum Chordata  
 Class Actinopterygii  
 Order Salmoniformes  
 Family Salmonidae  
 Genus Oncorhynchus  
  Oncorhynchus mykiss  (Walbaum, 1792) 
Provider: Tseng, Chin-Tsian 
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Synonyms:Fario gairdneriOnchorrhychus mykissOnchorynchus mykissOncorhynchus gairdneriiOncorhynchus kamloopsOncorhynchus mykiss nelsoniOncorhynchus myskisParasalmo mykissParasalmo penshinensisSalmo gairdneriSalmo gairdneri irideus details
Citation: 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);臺灣淡水及河口魚類誌(陳及方, 1999)
Character: Head moderately large. Mouth large and protractile, minor changes occur to head, mouth and color pattern especially in spawning males; posterior end of upper jaw reaches posterior margin of eye. Body elongated, somewhat laterally compressed especially in adults; dorsal and ventral profile arched. Scales small and cycloid; lateral line complete; head naked. L.l.:134-137; dorsal soft fin rays:11-12; pelvic fin rays:9; anal fin rays:11-12. Dorsal fin base short, considerably equal to anal fin base; dorsal fin origin at middle between tip of snout and end of caudal peduncle; an adipose fin above anal fin; pelvic fin small, below dorsal fin; caudal fin forked. Dark olive dorsally, light grayish ventrally; dark spots densely spread over upper side, dorsal and caudal fins. 8-13 spots along midline of side of young, and disappeared when grow up; a purplish red stripe parallel to lateral line on adults during breeding season. 
Habitat: Anadromous fish, but some populations are landlocked when routes are unavailable. Inhabit in moderately running and well-oxygenated water. Carnivorous, feed predominately on aquatic insects and small fishes. Well utilized commercial fish, extensively cult 
Distribution: Inhabit in the eastern Pacific, introduced to Japan in end of 19th century, fertilized eggs was imported from Japan to Taiwan in middle of 20th century, and aquaculture had been well developed in northern and middle Taiwan. Rainbow trout had been introduc 
Name Code: 382789
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