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Kingdom Animalia  
 Phylum Chordata  
 Class Actinopterygii  
 Order Aulopiformes  
 Family Synodontidae  
 Genus Saurida  
  Saurida tumbil  (Bloch, 1795) 
Provider: Kwang-Tsao Shao 
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Synonyms:Salmo tumbilSaurida australisSaurida feroxSaurida truculentaSaurus argyrophanes  details
Citation: 臺灣脊椎動物誌(陳兼善, 1969);中國動物誌-燈籠魚目(陳等, 2002);The Live Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific, Vol.3(FAO,1999)
Character: Body elongate, slender, and cylindrical. Eye moderate; laterally directed. Adipose eyelid on anterior and posterior margins of eye. Mouth large, gape tending to be oblique. Upper jaw not protractile, bordered its entire length by premaxilla, its length more than 1/2 head length and extending well past posterior margin of orbit. 2 teeth bands on palatines, and teeth on vomer and tongue. Branchiostegals 13. Head and body with cycloid scales, present on procurrent and primary caudal fin rays. Lateral-line scales with 50 to 55; scales not enlarged, not extending beyond base of caudal fin, procurrent and primary caudal-fin rays with scales. Predorsal scales 16 to 19. Dorsal fin about midway on back, with 11-13 rays; anal fin with 10-11; pectoral fins short, not or only just reaching to pelvic-fin base; caudal fin forked. Body pale yellowish brown, inside of pectoral fins uniformly dusky; traces of faint darker cross bands on back ; fins without dark bars or spots. 
Habitat: Inhabits coastal and estuarine waters on sand and mud bottoms in depths of 20 to 45 m. Feeds on fishes, crustaceans, and squids. 
Distribution: Widespread in the Indo-West Pacific from Red Sea and east coast of Africa (except Kenya), including Madagascar to the Persian Gulf, Arabian Sea, and further east to southeast Asia and Australia. It found in sourthern Taiwanese waters. 
Utility: Marketed fresh. 
Name Code: 380844
  IUCN Red List:LC      Marine     
Suggested Link    The Fish Database of Taiwan  FishBase  Discover Life  World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) 
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