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Kingdom Animalia  
 Phylum Chordata  
 Class Actinopterygii  
 Order Perciformes  
 Family Mullidae  
 Genus Upeneus  
  Upeneus tragula  Richardson, 1846 
Provider: Kwang-Tsao Shao 
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Synonyms:Upeneoides tragulaUpeneus bensasiUpeneus oligospilusUpeneus traguadetails
Citation: 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);The Live Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific, Vol.5(FAO, 2001)
Character: Body elongate. Chin with 2 slender barbels, usually not reaching rear margin of preopercle. Mouth small; villiform teeth in a narrow band in jaws, on palatines, and in 2 small patches on vomer. First gill arch with 5 to 7 gill rakers on upper limb, 15 to 18 on lower limb. Two well-separated dorsal fins, the first with VIII spines, first spine minute, and the second with 9 soft rays; anal fin with 7 soft rays; pectoral-fin rays 13 or 14. Lateral-line scales 28 to 30; scales present on side of snout; small scales basally on second dorsal and anal fins. A dark reddish brown to blackish stripe from front of snout through eye, along upper side, to base of caudal fin; head and body above stripe brownish to greenish grey, flecked with small dark reddish brown or blackish spots; body below stripe white with rows of small dark spots; upper lobe of caudal fin with 4 to 6 blackish cross bands, and lower lobe with 5 to 7; first dorsal fin whitish with a large dark red to black blotch containing 2 to several small yellow spots on outer third to half of fin; a second irregular dark blotch in lower part of fin; second dorsal with 3 dark reddish or blackish bands; barbels usually yellow. 
Habitat: Found over sand and mud bottoms near coral reefs. Known to enter lower reaches of rivers. Generally solitary, but forms small to moderately large aggregations at all sizes. 
Distribution: Widely distributed in Indo-West Pacific from east Africa to Vanuatu, north to southern Japan; Palau in Micronesia. It is common in waters around Taiwan. 
Utility: Marketed fresh or made into fish balls.  
Name Code: 382183
  IUCN Red List:LC      Marine     
Suggested Link    The Fish Database of Taiwan  FishBase  Discover Life  World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) 
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