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Kingdom Animalia  
 Phylum Chordata  
 Class Chondrichthyes  
 Order Carcharhiniformes  
 Family Carcharhinidae  
 Genus Carcharhinus  
  Carcharhinus limbatus  (Müller & Henle, 1839) 
Provider: Pofeng Lee& Shoou-Jeng Joung 
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Synonyms:Carcharhinus natatorCarcharhinus tilstoniCarcharias abbreviatusCarcharias aethalorusCarcharias ehrenbergiCarcharias limbatusCarcharias maculipinnaCarcharias micropsCarcharias phorcysCarcharinus limbatusEulamia pleurotaenia details
Citation: 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);中國動物誌-圓口綱及軟骨魚綱(朱等, 2001);FAO Species Catalogue, Vol.4 Sharks of the world
Character: A large, stout shark. Eyes moderately large, its horizontal length 1.2-2.2% of total length. Rows of anteroposterior teeth in each jaw half 14-16/13-16. Upper teeth with narrow, strongly serrated, high cusps, and crown feet with slightly coarser serrations but no cusplets. Lower teeth with erect, narrow, serrated high cusps and transverse roots. Interdorsal ridge absent. First dorsal fin large, its origin usually over or slightly posterior to pectoral insertion, its inner margin short, about a third of dorsal base. Second dorsal fin large and high, its height 2.5-3.6% of total length, its inner margin short and 1.1-1.6 times its height. Origin of 2nd dorsal fin over or slightly anterior to anal origin. Total number of vertebral centra 174-203, precaudal centra 88-102. Colour grey or grey-brown above, white below. Black tips usually founded on pectoral, 2nd dorsal, and ventral caudal lobe. Black edges usually present on 1st dorsal apex, and dorsal caudal lobe. A conspicuous white band present on flanks. 
Habitat: This species is a common and warm-temperate, inshore and offshore pelagic shark. This is a very active, fast-swimming shark that often occurs in large schools at the surface. Viviparous, with a yolk-sac placenta. Number of embryos estimated to be 1-10 per 
Distribution: Western Atlantic from Massachusetts to southern Brazil including Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean. Eastern Atlantic including Madeira, Mediterranean, Canary Islands, Senegal to Zaire. Indo-West Pacific including South Africa, Madagascar, and Red Sea to India, 
Utility: A common economic species, fished by floating longlines, hook-and-line, fixed bottom nets, and bottom trawls. Utilized fresh, or dried salted for human consumption; hides for leather; liver for vitamins; and carcasses for fishmeal. In Taiwan, this species 
Name Code: 383074
  IUCN Red List:VU A2bd     Marine     
Suggested Link    The Fish Database of Taiwan  FishBase  Discover Life  World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS)  Taiwan Biodiversity Network (TBN) 
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